Candi (Temple) Kedulan, Sleman, Jogja, Indonesia

Candi Kedulan is situated in Tirtomartani village, kalasan, Sleman Regency, Jogja, Indonesia, approximately 2.5 km from Candi Sambisari.

The main temple of Candi Kedulan was discovered on November 24th 1993 accidentally by sand miner at “Tanah Bengkok”, Tirtomani Village. Tanah Bengkok is village land that can be cultivated by village headman during his term of office. The mining stopped, and then proceed with archaeology excavation by the authority. When the excavation was executed, the temple had been collapsed, stone blocks scattered by Merapi lahar and burried 6 meters under the surface. After excavating 7 meters depth covering 4000 meters square, main temple of Kedulan showed up. The temple is square 13.7meters square and height 8.009 meters.

Experts presumes that in Candi Kedulan complex, there was main temple faced east, vis-a-vis to 3 perwara temples on the north to south. This complex is surrounded by fence by the remain of 2 meters block wall from east to west. The opinion based on the similarity between Candi Sambisari and Candi Kedulan, as they both are Hindu temple and also the have similar size. In the middle of the main temple found lingga and yoni. Only Candi Sari faces west and Candi Kedula faces east. Outer fence in Candi Kedulan also exists in Candi Kedulan. In Candi Kedulan found Durga Mahesasuramahardini statue on the north, Ganesha statue on the west and Agastya statue and Mahakala on the south, and Nandi statue on the left and right of the entrance.

Perwara temple was found on the south, located 4 meters from the earth  surface. On the excavation found 2 inscriptions with size of 75 cm length, 45 cm width and 23 cm thick. The inscriptions were written in Palawa latters and Sanskrit language. They were made in 791 Saka or 869, accordingly in the period of King Rakai Kayuwangi of Hindu Mataram Kingdom. As the weight of the inscription, deemed that Pananggaran and Sumundul Inscription has been located there. Both inscription cited the use of dam in Pananggaran Village for community interest and that income yielded from the dam was free of tax as it was used to fund Candi Kedulan.

Ongoing excavation is held to discover the complex construction.