Gereja (Church) Ganjuran: Where Javanese, European and Hindu Architecture Meet. Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Hati Kudus Church in Ganjuran is located 20 KM from Yogyakarta city. The green rice paddy, and pines will welcome visitors in Ganjuran Village, where the church located. This church is a product of Javanese-Catholic acculturation.

The church complex was built in 1924, initiated by Joseph Smutzer and Julius Smutzer. This building is one of buildings built by the brothers since they managed Gondang Lipuro Sugar Factory in 1912. Other buildings are 12 schools and a clinic that later evolved as Panti Rapih Hospital.

The Church construction was designed by Dutch architect  J Yh van Oyen. The erecting of the church and schools was the form of the brothers concern to the employees of the sugar factory they managed from 1918 to 1930. Later, the complex was enhanced by erecting temple Candi hati Kudus Yesus in 1927. The temple terrace is engraved with lotus reliefs and statue of Jesus in Javanese cloth. The temple is then used as place for mass and pilgrims. in 1948, the sugar factory was burn and then continued with Dutch MilitaryAggression II, but the church, schools and hospital were safe.

In may 21 2006, a quake hit Jogja and central Java, and the 62 years church was collapsed and few casualties died as a morning prayer was ongoing. In 22 June 2008, the reconstruction was initiated.

The church is a blend of European, Hindu and Javanese architecture. The European style can be seen from cross shape of the building, Javanese style can be seen from its roof.  The roof was supported by 4 teak pillars, symbol of 4 Bible writers, Matthew, Marcus, Lucas and Yohannes. The Javanese style also can be seen from the altar, sancristi,

Nuansa Jawa juga terlihat pada altar, sancristi, doopvont  and chatevummenen. Statue of Jesus and Marry carries her son are in Javanese traditional costume. The reliefs of Stations of the Cross depicted as Yesus has hair like Hindu priest.

The holy water is located on the left of the temple. After collecting the holy water, pilgrims can sit in front of temple to pray. The procession is ended by entering the temple and pray to Jesus statue. Several pilgrims collect water to bottle and bring it home.

The holy mass service in Javanese language with song and accompanied by gamelan is held on Thursday to Sunday on 5.30, every first friday night, every Christmas eve and every Saturday on 17.00. This Javanese Holy Mass is undertaken before temple yard, except daily mass every 5.30 take place inside the church.