Tenganan Village’s Tri Hita Karana

Repro picture : Tenganan Village

Tri Hita Karana is applied well in Tenganan Pegringsingan especially in the land use regulation. Trees may not be cut without any careful observation,although the tree is a privately owned. Every trees to cut must be discussed first with other village members. If the tree still has living leaves, this must be discussed by Kelian Desa. Kelian desa will delegate 3 people to check on the tree. They are: Bahan Luanan, Bahan Duluan and Bahan Tebenan. Tree is allowed to cut is after checked when 80% of the tree is died and 20% still lives and not a main stem. If one of the people does not agree, then they must be delayed another one or two months or more. Usually for public use, the rule is more flexible.

There is a special right for a newly wed couple in the village. Three months after the wedding, the couple must live separated from the parents to build a new household. The village gives them a new land of 2.432 are. And to build the house, they can take the woods from the forest. Tenganan Pegringsingan villagers must not pick fruits from these trees: durian, pangi, nutmeg and tehep. Those fruits can be picked when they fall to the ground. And it is not only the owner who can pick them, but anyone can pick them, especially who are diligently look for those fruits. It is not allowed to cut tree of : jackfruit, nutmeg, pangi, tehep, jaka (Aren) on the west part of river and north part of the village, there will be fined if anyone breaks it. If outsiders take the 4 fruits will be fined 10 catu or 25 kg of rice plus the price of the fruits taken. The fine is distributed : 50% to the village and 50% to the one who report it. The identity of who reports is classified. It is not allowed to sell or give away  the fiber bark, yet it is allowed to sell the rope of fiber bark of aren (Arenga pinnata). This later rule is especially to conserve the tree as the producer of fiber used for roof. And it is prohibited as well to make arak and sugar. However it is allowed to make tuak. Making red brick is not allowed to avoid the excessive use of wood. And there is a unique rule that the locals may not plant tarum tree even though tarum (Indigofera) is daily used to blue dye gringsing , Tenganan traditional weaving. Villagers must buy tarum from outside the village that Tenganan residents can cooperate and socialize with other village.

Therefore the village has conserves the forest for generations and probably the forest and the rice field in Tenganan will be eternal.