Kahuripan Kingdom (Part 3)

In Pamwatan inscription, 20 November 1042, Airlangga’s title was still Maharaja, while in Gandhakuti, 24 November 1042, he was Rsi Aji Paduka Mpungku. The splitting period is concluded done between those dates.

After splitting the kingdom, Airlangga then became an ascetic, and died in 1049. Airlangga, in his lifetime is believed to be the incarnation of Wisnu, with kingdom badge Garudamukha. A beautiful statue stored in Mojokerto museum as manifestation of Airlangga as Wisnu riding Garuda. Sumengka inscription (1059) was the inscription of Jenggala kingdom only mentions that Rsi Aji Paduka Mpungku was buried in tirta or bathing place.

The bathing place is compatible to the information of Sumengka inscription is Candi Belahan on slope of Mt penanggungan. Wisnu statue with two goddesses were found there. According to Pucangan inscription (1041) Airlangga was a pious Hindu-Wisnu.  The three statues were estimated as the symbol of Airlangga with his two wives, Samarawijaya and Mapanji Garasakan.

In Candi Belahan was found letter of 1049. But there was no further indication of Airlangga’s death date or the date when the temple / bathing was built. Airlangga story was depicted on This temple. In the later period, Kahuripan has an important role in Jenggala kingdom and Majapahit kingdom period.

In the end of his period, Airlangga faced a problem of rivalry between his sons. The real royal was Sanggramawijaya Tunggadewi, who chose to be an ascetic. On the end of 1042, Airlangga decided to split his kingdom into 2, the east kingdom was Jenggala kingdom with Kahuripan as its capital, given to Mahapanji Gasarakan and the west kingdom was Kadiri with Daha as the capital. Airlangga then became an ascetic and died in 1049 .

to be continued