Batik Pekalongan, Central Java, Indonesia

Although there is no record, Batik Pekalongan had been practicing in the region in 1800s.  According to local industry, there is a motive that was created in 1802, such as motive of small tree. It is estimated that there was a significant development after big war in 1825-1830 in Mataram period, known as Diponegoro war or Java war. With the war, many of the royal family moved with their companies that spread to East and West Java. That was when they started to work on batik in their new place.

To east direction, Batik evolved to Mojokerto, Tulungagung, Gresik, Surabaya, and Madura. While to the west, it evolved in Banyumas, Kebumen, Tegal, Cirebon and Pekalongan. With this migration, batik Pekalongan was already there and evolved more.

Batik Pekalongan thrived better than other regions. In this region it flourish on the litoral areas, namely in the city, Buaran, Pekajangan and Wonopringgo. One of Pekalongan batik motives is Batik Pesisir that flourishs as trend and consumer requeat. Batik Pesisir can be found at Kemplong and Wiradesa. Batik Pesisir making process can be one to 6 months depends on the degree of difficulty and color composition complex.

Batik Pekalongan is very distinctive for there are hundreds of small scale industries not a big capital entrepreneurs. Since years earlier, batik Pekalongan production was done at houses.

Local people still work as farmers on planting season, so batik is not their main occupations.

Batis Pesisir is made of raw materials, white cotton, polyester and silk. The raw material is washed and then put in a hot water to relieve the chemicals to process the fabric. Afterwards, then drying and straightening, and delivered to pattern department to be designed. After the fabric is designed with motive then send to batik painter. Batik process is very complicated, with several design coloring where few parts of the pattern should be covered with wax to avoid coloring on that certain parts. The coloring process can be 10 times or even more, depends on the difficulties.

Batik Pesisir is influenced by motives from China, Japan and Holland.