Masjid Agung or The Great Mosque of Yogyakarta is locted at the center of capital, built in the period of Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I. The city plan of Yogyakarta is using taqwa (piety) concept, so the spacial composition was formed based on borders of 5 sultanate mosques on four directions with the great mosque as the center. The placement of the Tugu (monument)- Panggung Krapyak as the main element of the space. This composition placed Tugu-Keraton-Panggung Krapyak as one line.
The mosque building covers on 13.000 sqm. The area is encircled by wall. The construction process undertook 16 years after Sultan palace established. The establishment was initiated by Kiai Penghulu Faqih Ibrahim Dipaningrat, while the implementation was executed by Tumenggung Wiryakusuma, the architect of palace. The mosque is constructed gradually, first built the main building, then the terrace, and later other additional buildings. The great mosque of Yogyakarta constututes of several rooms; the yard, the terrace, and main mosque. The mosque yard consists of front yard and back yard. The yards are open space located outside the main building and the terrace. The backyard is where tombs located.
There are five entrances the mosque yard, two located at the north and south and one on the east as the main entrance. The gate door is in semar tinandu and limasan roof. On the both side of the gate there is a passage that split the yard into two sides, and the passage is flanked by two buildings called pagongan.
The mosque terrace is separated by a building from the yard. That building is surrounded by wall with five entrances. On the east side there are 3 entrances and one at the north and one at the south. The terrace building is surrounded by a small dike (pond) on the north, east and south side. The wudlu (ablution) place is located on the north and south of the terrace.
The terrace is rectangular, built on a one meter platform. It has 24 pillars on padma shape umpak. The stone umpak are engraved with pinggir awan motives. The roof is limasan shape.
On the west side of the terrace, standing the main prayer room. The mosque is square, built on 1.7 meters base. On the north of the mosque, there is a learning room and bathroom. The roof has three terraces and the top has mustaka. The roof is supported by wall on the four sides and 36 pillars. The pillars are plain, no engravings. The 36 pillars consist of 4 saka (pillar) guru, 12 saka rawa and 2o saka emper.