Candi Ijo, Central Java, Indonesia

Candi Ijo (GReen Temple) is situated on a hill, that local people call the hill as Gumuk Ijo (Green Hill) the highest hill in Prambanan region. This hill is 410 asl, while Candi Ijo is on the height of 357.402 m-395.481 m asl. Looking down the scenery from Candi Ijo location is very enchanting, facing the steep valley. Candi Ijo surrounding is not that fertile as Candi Boko’s.

Candi Ijo is temple complex, constitutes of few buildings with terraces yard. The most sacred parts are the rear and the highest. The terraces is the remain of Javanese megalithic culture, and the date of the construction is still unknown.  Yet, temple profile, kalamakara motive and the statuary type and relief style that depicts in naturalistic model, resemble those built in 8th to 10th century, so possibly that this temple was built at the same period.

This site has 17 structures in total, on 11 terraces of punden berundak. The temple yard that utilized as the entrance to the main building is Terrance that lies from west to east. The highest terrace, or the 11th terrace is the most sacred place. In this terrace, found fence that encircles , 8 linggas, and 4 main temples and 3 perwara temples  that stand in front of main temple. Restoration has been done to the main temples and middle perwara temple. Entrance of main temples is on the west. Outer walls are completed with niches, where Agastya, Ganesha and Durga placed. But those statues are now displayed in Yogyakarta. Inside the temple, there are lingga and yoni, that symbolize Siva and Parvati, so it can be concluded that the temple is a Sivaistic temple. The worship activities in this temple was to worship Siva in the shape of lingga. Perwara temple is occupied with nandi, the vehicle of Siva.

Other structures in this complex is on the 9th terrace, a platform that faces east. In the 8th terrace located 3 temples, 4 platforms ,and 2 stone block inscriptions. One inscription discovered on the entrance that says GUYWAN means meditation place, while the other inscription is 14 cm high, 9 sm thick that depicts a spell phrase that is repeated 16 times says Om sarwwawinasa, sarwwawinasa. Those inscription has no year depicted, but from paleography it is estimated to be made in the 8th to 9 th century, as Candi Ijo construction period. At the 5th terrace, there is a temple and 2 platforms, at the 4th and 1st terrace there are 1 temple each. On the 10th, 7th, 6th and 3rd, there are no buildings at all.