Candi Kalasan, Sleman, Jogja, Indonesia

Kalasan Temple is located less than 200 meters from Jogja-Solo mainroad, notably in Kalibening Village, Kalasan, Sleman Regency, Jogja., Indonesia. This temple was built in 778, and has been restored 3 times. Unfortunately, the temple is not intact with its statuary, as they have been missing.

The temple is square, and each side is equipped with stairs, and the entrance located at the east side of the temple. Makara is decorated the stairs, and the stairs is not connected anymore to the temple due to missing parts.

Temple body is also square , and there is niche on every side of the temple wall where usually statue placed. On the entrance is decorated with Kala with bud of flowers, leaves, creeping plants decoration. Now only the north part of the temple the decoration can be seen.

The border between the roof and body is ornamented with tiny nirvana creature (gana). The temple roof is octagonal and has two teracces. Each side of the first terrace placed BUddha statue that delineate Buddha Human and the second terrace delineate Dhyani Buddha. Temple’s summit is estimated to be a stupa, but this part could not be reconstruct as the real stones were missing. Arround the temple, originally, there are stupas with height of 4.6 meters , total stupa number is 52. But those stupas also could not be rebuilt for the missing blocks. One of the uniqueness of the temple is that Bajralepa was used to layer the temple exterior. Bajralepa is an old cement to refined wall and preserve stone from time worn.

According to Kalasan inscription, (700 Saka or 778 ) written in prenagari letters in Sanskrit, the guru of the king was able to persuade Maharaja Tejahpura Panangkarana (Kariyana Panangkara), the heirloom of Syailendra (Syailendra Wamsatilaka), to build a sacred building for Tara (god) and a monastery for  monks. The king then gave away Kalasan Village to all sanghas. And 778 is deemed as the year the temple built.