Tugu Pahlawan (Heroes Monument) Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia

This monument is located at Jalan Pahlawan, Surabaya, with shape like nail standing upside down. The height is 45 yard that represents year 1945, it has 10 curves and 11 gelindingen on the upper part represent date of 10th and November respectively. There is a ladder that winds the monument until the top.

The monument was initiated in November 10th 1950 to commemorate the brave Surabaya freedom fighter to regain Independence in November 1945. The monument area is 2.5 hectares land that was once stand high court in Dutch colonial era, Raad Van Justitie. During Japan Occupation, the building was functioned as Kempetai base, Japanese secret police. Japanese brought prisoners to the building and tortured them, thats why during Japanese occupation, this building was just like house of horror. There are stories that tell how inhuman Japanese torment the Indonesian prisoners, one of those is how they tortured Cak Durasim, Surabaya artiste that was tortured by pumping much water to his stomach and then trampled. Cak Durasim was popular for his jula juli that was considered to be against Japan “Begupon omahe doro, melu Nipon tambah sengsoro”, means Japanese Occupation make worse misery, while before Indonesia considered Japan as an older brother.

In the early of Indonesia revolution, the Kempetai basis was seized by Arek Soroboyo, since then the building was utilized as Arek Suroboyo base. In October to November when the battle broke out, the building was destroyed by the Allies bomb. During the 10 November battle, 6.000 casualties from Indoneisa side died and 600 from the Allies side. Those heroes that died during the battle are known as heroes and November 10th is commemorated as Heroes Day.

In this monument area also built 10 November Museum where visitors can see diorama about 10th November Battle, also mini theater that plays this fierce battle. Old belongings of freedom fighters like Bung Tomo are also displayed here, and even the fiery patriotic speech of Bung Tomo can be listened here.

A statue of Indonesia’s first president and vice are standing at the yard with the broken pillars of the Raad van Justitie or Kempetai. The broken pillars are the manifestation of the collapse of colonialism in Indonesia.