Category Archives: Indonesia Blog

Sumber Pitu Spring Waterfall, Tumpang, Malang, East Java

It is located in Duwet Krajan vilage, 7 km east of Tumpang. It has mountain scenery with apple and vegetable field. Sumber means source or spring and pitu means seven. Actually there are many springs here. Located nearby this area is Ringin Gantung Waterfall, it is named so as there is a banyan tree or ringin grows attached to the waterfall. Sumberpitu is located 3 km on the north of Duwet Krajan Village. To reach the waterfall, we need to trek for 30 minutes, passing green refreshing environment.

Picture Source. http://tumpang.malangkab.go.id

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KETOPRAK PART 1: The Javanese Ketoprak Journey

This area has various functions, such as water inflitration,  city lungs, public recreation, and also as the cultural center for the city dwellers. And, seems, this place has been part of culture evolution. Well, yes, this place is Taman Balekambang, located in Surakarta, Central Java.  Here we can watch ketoprak show, as one of agenda when visiting Surakarta.  In 1921, KGPAA Mangkunagoro VII, erected Taman Balekambang. Initially this park was a pond, and city forest dedicated to the king’s princesses, GRAy partini and GRAy. Partinah, and later in teh future made history in the evolution of ketoprak in Java. Balekambang ketoprak troupe entertained Surakartans and people in the vicinity in 1950, with a very modest stage.  Nowadays a theater building built in the end of the 80ies, replaces the old building and used as the arena of ketoprak artists.

Historian believe that ketoprak arised in the second half of the 19th century in the vicinity of Kasunanan Surakarta and Kasultanan Mataram Yogyakarta. Ketoprak is a new art and it is an agrarian art.

The agrarian culture can be seen vividly in hardwork to cultivate the land together, and the merry of harvesting time together. When they work there are jokes. Actually the jokes are the elegancy of the Javanese  who live in harmony as the embryo of folks drama. This became the base of expression.

As a local wisdom, ketoprak art is very close to society-legends, characters and pronunciation. Psyshologically, ketoprak is just like Homo Ludens, humans who like to play.

Kethoprak is not only evolving in the center of Javanese culture. We can visit Blora which can be reached by driving to the northeast of Surakarta, where located a village which tries to conserve ketoprak. This village is Wado, one of 17 villages in Kedungtuban district. Wado is accessible from Cepu-nearby East and Central Java border, which is popular for its oil industry.

Visiting Wado is very joyful. We can interact with friendly locals. The village houses are mostly Limasan, made of teak wood and have been dwelled from generation to generation. Blora traditional peformances can also be seen here, such as ketoprak, tayub, barongan, wayang kulit, wayang wong. In the past there was krucil performance yet, it is no longer exist. Currently there are 5 villages with ketoprak troupe.

Ketoprak is performed in Wado village in 1960s. There were two troupes: Wado Kidul and Wado Lor. Yet, since 1980s, this traditional performance faded.  Wado has Krida Madya Budaya troupe. After 2012 harvest, they started their first debut, collaborated with Kridha Mudha from Tanjung village. The show of ketoprak in Wado Village perform its local people daily life.

Nowadays, the troupe still rent stage, costume, gamelan, sinden and pengrawit. Some of the actors are from other villages. All ketoprak actors are  village officials.

 

 

Bedhoyo Ketawang Dance

According to Wedbapradangga, the creator og Bedhoyo Ketawang dance is Sultan Agung (1613-1645) the first king and the most glorious king of Mataram Kingdom with Kanjeng Ratu Kencanassari, the ruler of the southern sea or also known as Kanjeng Ratu Kidul. Before the dance created, Sultan Agung ordered gamelan expert to create a gendhing, called as Ketawang. It said that the creation became perfect after Sunan Kalijaga gave favor to this gending. Bedhoyo Ketawang dance then performed in coronation of new king and once a year to commemorate the coronation day or Tingalan Dalem Jumenengan.

Bedhoyo Ketawang performed in the period of Sri Susuhunan Paku Buwana XII, only the philosophy value has changed. The performance has transformed in its mystical or political aspects. The performance is still like the old ritual , yet the value has shifted into a cultural heritage which should be conserved. The costume of this dance is dodot Ageng with Banguntulak alas alasan motive making the dancers look graceful. Gamelan accompanying this performance is very special, gamelan Kyai Kaduk Manis and Kyai Manis Renggo. Gamelan instruments consist of Kemanak, Kethuk, Kenong, Kendhang Ageng, Kendhang Ketipung and Gong Ageng. Those instruments have special sacred names. Two Kendang Ageng are named as Kanjeng Kyai Denok and Kanjeng Kyai Iskandar, two rebab are named as Kanjeng Kyai Grantang and Kanjeng Kyai Lipur, a gong is named as Kanjeng Kyai Kemitir. Bedhoyo Ketawang in the period of Sri Susuhunan paku Buwana XII was performed in the second day of Ruwah Month or Sya’ban in Javanese calendar.

Bedhoyo Ketawang is a masterpiece. It is classified as dance for ceremony, Sacred, religious and love and marriage dance.

Ceremonial Dance

Bedhaya Ketawang is not only entertaining performance, as it is only performed for a special event and in an official ambience. The atmosphere will be very sacred, as the dance is performed only in coronation and coronation commemoration day.

Sacred Dance

Bedhaya Ketawang was created by a king and queen of other realm. People even believe that when this dance performed, the creator comes to dance with the dancers. It said sometimes in rehearsals, she comes to correct the dancers, and the dancers can feel her appearance.

Religious Dance

This can be seen from the lyrics of the dance performance ‘ …tanu astra kadya agni urube, kantar-kantar kyai, …yen mati ngendi surupe, kyai?” (……if die, where is the purpose, Kyai?).

3. Love and Marriage Dance

The dance symbolized love of queen of southern sea to Sultan Agung. This is shown in hand and body moves, on how to hold sondher and the like. All the dancers are dressed as if they are bride to meet groom. In the lyrics can be clearly seen that the song shows love felt by the queen to the king. If the words felt, for current opinion, can be considered as impolite as it can easily evoke sense of desire.

The dance was actually 2.5 hours and in the period of Sinuhun Paku Buwana X became only 1.5 hours. For everyone involved directly and indirectly in the performance have special obligation. A day before the performance all relatives of Sinuhun should purify themselves, heart and soul. This was not easy, yet they follow the obligations as Bedhoyo Ketawang is a sacred heritage.

For the dancers the rule is more strict, as according to belief, they will make direct contact to Kanjeng ratu Kidul. Therefore they should be in consecrated condition in the period of rehearsal or on the performance time. As mentioned earlier, Kanjeng Ratu Kidul present can only be felt by those who are touched by her, if they do not dance correctly. Thus, in rehealsals are held on Anggarakasih (Selasa Kliwon), every dancer and all gamelan players and pesinden should be in consecrated condition.

Preparations for Bedhoyo Ketawang should be done carefully. If they are in period (menstruation), they should not register. There are stand-by dancers. There are also prohibitions for the dancers that usually dancers with mature sould are selected, that their absorption and persistence are more guaranteed.

Who is the creator of Bedhoyo Ketawang, that the dance is considered as very sacred? Even humming the song is prohibited. According to tradition, Bedhoyo Ketawang is considered as the creation of Kanjeng ratu Kidul Kencanasari , the ruler of invisible realm in Java. Her palace is under the Hindian Ocean. The center of her region is Mansingan, Parangtritis, Yogyakarta. Everyone is afraid of her. All of her rules may not be broken.

Yet, according to RT Warsadiningrat (abdidalem niyaga), actually Kanjeng Ratu Kidul only added 2 dancers, become 9 dancers, and then presented to Mataram. Further, he stated that the creator was Bathara Guru, in year 167. In the beginning formed 7 goddess formation to dance Lenggotbawa. And gamelan which accompanied this only 5: pelog , pathet lima:

1. gending – kemanak 2, laras jangga kecil /manis penunggul;
2. kala – kendhang
3. sangka – gong

4. pamucuk – kethuk
5. sauran – kenong.

If so, Bedhoyo Ketawang is Siwaistic and the age of this dance is quiet old, older than Kanjeng ratu Kidul. According to G.P.H. Kusumadiningrat, the creator of  “lenggotbawa” is Bathara Wisnu, when he was sitting in balekambang. Seven beautiful jewels were created by him and then changed to be seven goddess, they danced and encircled Bathara Wisnu clockwise. Seeing this, Bathara was so happy. As it was improper that god turn his head right and left, then he created so many eyes, which are located scaterred on his body.

According to Sinuhun Paku Buwana X, Bedhoyo Ketawang delineating love, lust and affection of Kanjeng Ratu Kidul to Panembahan Senopati. All the moves show gentle persuasion and flattery lust, but it can always be circumvented him. The queen then asked Kanjeng Ratu Kidul, that he would not go home, yet stayed in the ocean and sit on Sakadhomas Bale Kencana throne, a throne which was deposited by King Ramawijaya in the ocean bottom.

Sinuhun did not follow the intention of Kanjeng Ratu Kidul, as he wanted to reach sangkan paran. Yet he would like to take her as his wife, until his descendants.  His descendants who reign java will marry him on their coronation. She was asked to come to the island to teach Bedhoyo Ketawang dance to the king’s dancers. The rehealsals take place on Anggarakasih day and teh queen will turn up.

Gendhing accompanying Bedhoyo Ketawang is called as Ketawang Gedhe. This gendhing can not be played as klenengan as officially this is not gendhing but including tembang gerong Gamelan which consists of kethuk, kenong, kendhang, gong and kemanak. In the musik kemanak sound is very loud and clear. The dance is divided into 3 parts. Oddly, in the midst of all parts of the barrel changed to slendro dances briefly (up to two times), and then back again to pelog, until the end.On the first part, accompanied by Sinden Durma, and then to Retnamulya. When accompanying the dancers to enter and exit to Dalem Ageng Prabasuyasa, the gamelan is added with rebab, gender gambang and suling, which create harmonious atmosphere.  During the dance, keprak is not used at all. Dancers enter Pendapa Ageng Sasanasewaka from Dalem Agung Prabasuyasa, walking one by one. They encircle Sinuhun who sits on dhampat (throne). The difference between this dance to the others is that the dancers always encircle Sinuhun, he sits on the right side of the dancers. In common bedhaya or srimpi, dancers enter and exit from the right of Sinuhun and return on the same path.

There is another dance which is also sacred, entitled as Srimpi Anglirmendhung. The dance  less old than Bedhaya Ketawang. The similarities of the dances are:
a. MENDHUNG = means cloud ; and cloud is located in the sky (=TAWANG)
b. Kemanak is the main instrument to accompany the dances
c. The dances are divided into 3 parts.

According to R.T. Warsadiningrat, Anglirmedhung was created by K.G.P.A.A.Mangkunagara I. There were only 7 dancers and later dedicated to Sinuhun paku BUwana. Yet for the will of Sinuhun Paku Buwana IV, the dance was changed a bit, becane Srimpi with four dancers only. This dance is as sacred as Bedhaya Ketawang though this can be performed wherever and whenever, unlikt Bedhoyo Ketawang which is performed once a year and in certain place only.

Here are the distinctions of Bedhoyo Ketawang:

1. The dance is onlu performed in Anggarakasih day. Even the rehearsals are held also only in Anggarakasih days.

2. The dancers always encircle Sinuhun clockwise, when entering and leaving Dalem Ageng.

3.The costume of the dancers and lyrics of teh sinden. The dancers wear dodot banguntulak. As the lower layer they wear purple cindhe kembang with pendhing and bunta. The make up resembles as bride make up. The hair bun proned and decorated by centhung, garudha mungkur, sisir jeram saajar, cundhuk menthul and tiba dhadha (garlands which is hung on the right chest).

4.The lyrics sung by singers depicts seduction that can stimulate the sense of lust. From there it can be estimated that Bedhaya Ketawang can also be classified in the “Fertility Dance” in the temple, which describes the essence of hope to have many offspring.

5.Gamelan-barreled pelog, without keprak , that Bedhaya Ketawang can be classified as a classic dance.

6.Assembled dance and different role name. In the beginning of the lane once, we see the dancers sitting and dancing in the order illustrated below in

In performing this role the dancers are called:

1. Batak
2. Endhel ajeg
3. Endhel weton
4. Apit ngarep
5. Apit mburi
6. Apit meneg
7. Gulu
8. Dhada
9. Boncit

When dancing the assembles are not constant, yet changing, according to the scene delineated. On the closing scene, the dancers sit creating 2 lanes with three dancers each lane. In this formation, Bedhaya Ketawang is ended and then continued by accompaniment and returnto Dalem Ageng, with encircling Sinuhun clockwise.

7. Bedhaya Ketawang also can be related to astronomy, as in the lyrics of the song:

Anglawat akeh rabine Susuhunan, nde,
Anglawat kathah garwane Susuhunan, nde,
SOSOTYA gelaring mega, Susuhunan kadi Lintang kusasane.
(In the visit, Susuhunan does a few marry ,
In the visit, Susuhunan has a few empresses
Jewels scattering in the extend sky
Susuhunan is ruling, like stars)

The king’s dominion is like stars. Javanese also recognize astronomy and know name of stars like: Lintang Luku, Lintang Kukusan, Gemak Tarung, Panjer Rina, Panjer Sore.

Bedhaya Ketawang is  considered being created by queen of the invisible realm. People even believe that everytime this dance performed(rehearsal or real performance), the creator always presents. Not everyone can see her. As it is considered as sacred, it is assumed that this dance is a dance which is danced in a temples.

ABOUT KANJENG RATU KIDUL

Who is Kanjeng Ratu Kidul? Is she real or she is just in fairytale? She is invisible, and usually people know about her orally.

According to story believed by people, her name was Dewi Ratna Suwida, a princess from Pajajaran Kingdom, daughter of Prabu Mundingsari, from his wife, Dewi Sarwedi, the grand daughter of Sang Hyang Suranadi, great grand daughter of king of invisible realm in Sigaluh. The princess escaped from palace and meditated on Mt Kombang. When meditating , reat power showed, she changed to be male, then to be female and again. She did not marry and became queen of all invisible creature in Java. Her palace is under the Hindian Ocean. This was because she was the descendant of invisible creature.

After the princess became a queen, she was entitled as Kanjeng Ratu Kidul or Nyi Rara Kidul. And some call her as Mbok Lara Mas Ratu Kidul, Lara derives from rara means virgin girl/ unmarried.

Once upon a time, Dewi Ratna Suwida who was very pretty got a leprosy sickness. To cure this she should bathe and soak in a lake nearby to the ocean. One day, when she was washing her face, she saw the reflection of hers on the water surface. She was shock to see her face was very ugly, then she jumped to the ocean and never returned ashore, she turned to be invisible creature.

Other story tells that people name heer Kanjeng Ratu Angin angin. According to a research, she was not only the queen of invisible realm but also queen of the southern coast of Java, from Yogyakarta, Banyuwangi, and then separated by Danamulya village (Christian village). The leader of Paga village sais that his coastal village has a tradition to  put offering to the southern sea for Nyi Rara Kidul. The offering is put in a small hut called as sanggar. Coastal of Lumajang also annually hold goat sacrifices for her. Mr Welter, a Dutch who was the deputy of Raad van Indie said that when he was a controler in Kepajen, he saw annual offering in Ngliyep, held specially for Nyai Lara Kidul.

In Pacitan there was a belief that people should not wear light green clothes. Green is believed to be the color of Nyai Rara Kidul’s cloth. If it is broken there will be a disaster. It said that there were Dutch family ignored this and they even made a fun of it. They went to the southern sea with green clothes and suddenly big wave came to them.

According to vision of Theosophist from US, Kanjeng Ratu Kidul was not a male or female. She was a goddess of nature or goddess of ocean.

http://karatonsurakarta.com

REGULAR EVENTS TO ENJOY IN YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA

1.REGULER ATTRACTIONS
Jl. Trikora no.6 Yogyakarta
Pertunjukan Wayang Kulit dengan Lakon Ramayana
Setiap hari pada jam 20.00 – 22.00
Sonobudoyo Museum
Leather puppet show entitled Ramayana, everyday at 20.00 – 22.00 WIB

2. PURAWISATA
Jl. Brigjen Katamso, Yogyakarta
Ramayana Ballet Performance : Everyday at 22.00 – 21.00 WIB Dangdut Music Performance : Everyday at 21.00 – 23.30 WIB

3. KRATON YOGYAKARTA
Jl. Rotowijayan No.1 Yogyakarta
Classical Dance Performance : Every Sunday at 11.00 – 12.00
Javanese Song Perfoemance : Every Monday and Tuesday at 10.00 – 12.00
Wooden Puppet Show : Every Wednesday at 09.00 – 13.00
Gamelan and Pethilan Performance : Every Thursday at 10.00 – 12.00
Macapat Performance (recitation of Javanese six-verse song) : Every Friday at 10.00 – 12.00
Leather Puppet Show : Every Saturday at 11.00 – 12.00

4. TRADITIONAL ARCHERY
In the Kemandungan Yard of Yogyakarta Palace every TuesdayWage ( Tuesday that coincides with Wage, one of the five days in Javanese Calender) to celebrate Sri Sultan HB X.

5. “MAYASARI” Vocational Course in Kemandungan Hall Kraton Yogyakarta
Including Floral arrangement, fruit decoration and arrangement, young – coconut – leave – arrangement. Every Wednesday.

6. Hati Suci Ganjuran Temple, Bambanglipuro, Bantul
• Mass, Every Thursday 18.00 – 22.00 p.m
• Great Procession in order to Ganjuran Temple’s birthday, Every last Sunday in June at 07.00 a.m

7. THE WINDOW OF YOGYAKARTA
Guidance and coaching of art and culture (dance, fine art, theatre, music, choir) Every Friday at 10.00 – 12.00 a.m

8. SOCIETED ROOM OF YOGYAKARTA CULTURE PARK
Coaching of ensemble music for children and teenager, Every Sunday.

9. CULTURAL TRAINING CENTER YOGYAKARTA
Guidance and coaching of art and culture (dance, fine art, theatre, music, choir) Every Friday at 13.00 – 15.00 p.m.

10. MASANGIN
South town square of Kraton Yogyakarta.
– The agenda is entering two with the buckeye tree with blindfolded eyes. Everyday at 19.00 p.m

11. TLOGO PUTRI PERFORMANCE ART, KALIURANG, SLEMAN
Every Sunday and Holiday at 10.00 – 16.00 WIB

12. PERFORMANCE OF KETOPRAK / PUPPET
At Indonesian Broadcasting System (RRI) Auditorium, Yogyakarta. Everday at 19.00 p.m

13. TVRI AUTO EXCHANGE BURSA IN TELEVISION SERVICE OF REPUBLIC OF INDONESIAN (TVRI) YOGYAKARTA
Car exchange every Sunday at 06.00 – 16.00 WIB.

14. TELEVISION SERVICE OF REPUBLIC OF INDONESIAN (TVRI), JOGJA AT MAGELANG STREET
Dangdut music performance. Every Friday at 21.30 – 22.30 p.m

15. OLD SONGS PERFORMANCE
Every Saturday Night in the office yard of Yogyakarta Provincial Tourism Authority, Malioboro Street 56 Yogyakarta at 20.00 until finish.

16. THE HOUSE OF SLEMAN REGENT
Mocopat Art every Tuesday (Kliwon) at 20.00 p.m until finish.

17. JOGLO HOUSE JETHAK VILLAGE
• Karawitan Art
Every Thursday at 20.00 p.m until finish
• Hadroh Art
Every Saturday night at 20.00 p.m until finish
• Every eight times at Thursday 2nd week at 20.00 p.m until finish

18. TOURISM VILLAGE OF KETINGAN SLEMAN
Gamelan and Mocopat couching, Every Tuesday night.

19. BODRONOYO DANCE TRAINING CENTER
Shadow puppet show every Saturday night at the thirth week. 20.00 p.m – end

20. TRADITIONAL MUSIC EQUIPMENT
Traditional music performance is held by 18 subdistrict of Gunungkidul Regency. It is held every Thursday night (Javanese Calender) at Bangsal Sewokoprojo, Gunungkidul.

GOVERNMENT TOURIST OFFICES IN YOGYAKARTA

Yogyakarta Tourism Authority
Jl. Malioboro 56 Yogyakarta
Phone : +62 274 587486
Fax : (0274) 565437
Tourism, Art and Culture Office of Yogyakarta City
Jl. Suroto no. 11 Yogyakarta
Phone : +62 274 588025
Culture and Tourism Office of Bantul Regency
Jl. Tentara Pelajar (Lingkar Timur Bakulan)
Phone : +62 274 6460 222
Tourism and Culture Office of Gunungkidul Regency
Jl. Brigjend Katamso 10 Wonosari
Phone : +62 274 391 031
Culture of Tourism Office of Kulon Progo Regency
Jl. Sugiman 12 Watuluyu – Wates
Phone : +62 274 773 095
Culture and Tourism Office of Sleman Regency
Jl. KRT. Pringgodiningrat no. 13 Sleman
Phone : +62 274 869 613
Fax : (0274) 869613
LEMBAGA PEMERINTAH PENGELOLA PARIWISATA DI DIY
Dinas Pariwisata Pemda Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta
Jl. Malioboro 56 Yogyakarta
Phone : +62 274 587486 Fax : (0274) 565437
Yogyakarta – Indonesia
http://www.visitingjogja.com

Tourist Information Centre (Pusat Penerangan Pariwisata)
Jl. Malioboro 16 Phone : +62 274 566000 Yogyakarta

Pare: English Village, East Java, Indonesia

This village has more than 100 language institutions, especially English, with thousands of students from wide range of age, children to adults,, and together they create the neighbourhood to learn and practice English in daily life. Language is a habit, which makes them practicing English to be able to master this international language.

This English neighbourhood was pioneered by Mr Kalend Olen, a foreigner in Desa Singgahan -Pare. He taught English to mosque youngsters. Overtime, the village became popular and the only English village in Indonesia.

SURA DIRA JAYANINGRAT LEBUR DENING PANGASTUTI

“Sura dira jayaningrat lebur dening pangastuti” is a javanese expression which means bravery, power and authority ccould be defeated by love. Greed and savages disollved by patience and compassion. This expression is one of phrase in Pupuh Kinanthi is Serat Witaradya written by R Ngabehi Ranggawarsita (1802-1873), poet of Kasunanan Surakarta which tells about R Citrasoma, the son of King Aji Pamasa in Witaradya.

Here is Pupuh Kinanthi:
(1) Jagra angkara winangun; (2) Sudira marjayeng westhi; (3) Puwara kasub kawasa; (4) Sastraning jro Wedha muni*); (5) Sura dira jayaningrat; (6) Lebur dening pangastuti
*)sometimes it is written with Wasita jro dening pangastuti.

According to the translation of Bausastra Jawa, Poerwadarminta, 1939 :
(1) Jagra : wake up (means ‘open the eyes’), Angkara: evil, Winangun: realized.
(2) Sudira: Very brave, Marjayeng: Win in (prevail), Westhi : Danger
(3) Puwara : The end, final,Kasub ; popular, Kawasa : Authority/power
(4) Sastra: Writing, letter, cooks, Jro: Inside, Wedha : KNowledge, books, Muni : speak
(5) Sura: Brave, Dira: Strong, Jaya: Win, Ningrat: Royal, Nobel, but, NIng: In/at/on, Rat: world/Universe
(6) Lebur : Destroyed, Dening : by, Pangastuti: kindness.
Or the translation is: People who are so brave and their power could not be deafeated, finally could not handle the power and in them grow greed/savage, according to books of knowledge, greed/savage can be defeated by kindness.

Below is the story in Serat Wiraradya, which supports the expression:

NYAI PAMEKAS STORY
Once upon atime, there was a royal prince who fell in love with the wife of Tumenggung Suralathi, Nyai Pamekas who was similar to his age. This woman was not only beautiful physically  yet also  has a noble heart. He was so in love with Nyai Pamekas, that one day when Ki Tumenggung was working, He came to Nyai Panekas who was all alone and told her how he felt about her. With polit soft words and friendly, Nyai Pamekas tried to make Prince Citrasoma realize that this was not the attitute of a ksatria and breaking norms, yet the prince was stuborn. Nyai Pamekas tried to spin out time and warned him that there were people nearby them who could see what He was about to do except if He made them all sleeping with his power. As the prince was powerful, he then made people slept. When everyone was sleeping, Nyai Pamekas warned him again that there were 2 people who were not sleeping yet, Nyai Pamekas herself and Prince Citrasoma. And there is God who can see everything. The Prince realized then apologize and went home. Nyai Pamekas could handle evil intention without violence. Maybe if it was fought with violence, the ending would not be good. Gentleness and patience could melt violence.

YUDISTIRA AND CANDRABIRAWA
Approaching the end of Bharatayuda, Yudistira was tasked to fight against King Salya who was powerful and had special gift called as Candrabirawa. Candrabiwara was a giant and if he was killed he could live again and event multipled himself. Bima and Harjuna were so overwhelmed. They hit with club, they shot with archery, but it was not killed instead of multiplying himself. Finally Candrabirawa was face to face with Yudistira, who had white blood and he was never be raged in a war. Candrabirawa was not fought by him, even just let him. Finally, Candrabirawa giants return to the master.

Can Take Over The World
Suave people are often considered as weak people, that there are people tend to showe power, exhibiting the power manifestated in evil deed. They forget that giving pangastuti could melt sura dira jaya ning rat. In Serat Witaradya, Pupuh Kinanti R Ng Ranggawarsita explains that human who can control the greed are:1. Ring janma di kang winangun, 2. Kumenyar Wimbaning rawi, 3. Prabangkara dumipeng rat, 4. Menang kang sarwa dumadi. 5. Ambek santa paramarta, 6. Puwara anyakrawati.

Here is the translation according to Bausastra Jawa, Poerwadarminta, 1939:

(1) Ring (Maring; towards, to); Janma: human; Di (Adi: good); Kang: That, which; Winangun: Arranged; (2)Kumenyar: radiance; Wimba: are/is like; Rawi: The Sun(3) Prabangkara: The Sun ; Dumipeng: up to ; Rat: World/Universe (4) Menang: Defeat; Kang: who, that, which; sarwa:  completely; Dumadi: all living things(5) Ambek: Nature; Santa: patient; Paramarta: Wise (6): Puwara: Finally ; Anyakrawati: Rule
The whole translation:
Prime peple who can control evilish greed, radiant like the sunlight, the light lightens up the world, dominating the world, the character is patient, just and wise, finally can take over the world.

iwanmuljono.blogspot.com

Cookies and Snacks from Surabaya

Bunarendang
Bunarendang is rice and rending (beef) served like burger. Two mold of rice with beef in the middle.The taste is a mix of rending with sauce and soya sauce. You can find it in Manyar area, Sakinah Swalayan ITS, Dukuh Kupang, and Literature Faculty UNAIR. For delivery order just call: 031-91403748

Spikoe Livana
This spikue is made since 1967, with same recipe. The cake has 2 colors, yellow and brown with 3 layers. On every layers had jam which makes the taste so nice. There are various variant of this spikue: Original, Kenari, Cokelat Manis, Kismis, 4 Layers, Roll Tart pandan, and Roll Tart Mocca.

Beef Abon Padmosusastro
Along Padmosusastro St you can find this yummy shredded beef. There are two different tastes: sweet and spicy. You can the cooking process. Abon is home industry and locals use the living room as kitchen.Abon Padmosusastro has been popular to shop abon, whether to be consumed or resold.

Siropen Telasih
Siropen syrup can be an alternative gifts to bring back home for anyone who visit Surabaya. The syrups has view tastes: lechi, cocopandan, orange and few more. The syrup made of sugar, no Sodium Glutamat, that it is healthy enough for children and adults. Siropen factory was built in 1923 by JV Van Drangelen, the first syrup factory in Indonesia.

Bikang Peneleh
Bikang is a colorful cake with very nice smell. There are chocolate and pandan bikang. In Peneleh St you can see bikang making process. Other delicious cookie you can find is special kue lumpur with tasteful inside made of chicken, coconut, durian, and raisins. Klepon, Lupis, Klenting, Lumpia, Risoles and Madurese porridge. Opens from 6 am to 7 pm.

Kerupuk Kenjeran
Kenjeran is popular for its fish chips. There are various chips here, which are made of sea cucumbers, sea eggplant. You can also find chips made of carp fish skin chips. In Kenjeran you can see the making process from drying the fish in the sun until the frying process.

Soya Sauce , Jeruk Pecel Tulen Brand
This soya sauce factory was built in 1937 by Hwan Kieng Hien, after second generation, Hwan Hong Piek and Hwang Hong Poen, the business evolves as they pioneered a tagline ‘Kita Tangngung Kalau Tidak Enak Boleh Kirim Kembali’ (‘We guarantee, if it does not taste nice, can be returned”). Not it is run by the 3rd generation and still using the same ingredients.

Mangrove pasta and mangrove syrup
Mangrove pasta is made of sonneratia, one of mangrove specieses. The pasta tastes sweet, packed in banana tree leaf for only Rp.10.000. Mangrove syrup is rich of Vitamin A, C, Iodium and amti-oxidant.

Guna Guna Snack
There are various tastes of the potato chips such as hot spicy, sweet spicy. Also dragon fruit chips, fried meat ball, samosa and more.

Frozzie Frozen Brownies
The brownies offers 3 sensations: compact texture of American brownies, thick chocolate taste, and the cold ice cream sensation. Varians: Premium Choco, Banana Cheese, Streusel Blueberry, Mix Nut. This brownies does not contain preservative as the sugar and chocolate ingredients can preserve the brownies naturally. Frozzie can still be consume after 10 days outside freezer and 3 months in the freezer.

Yogyakarta Calendar of Events 2013

January 6 2013, Traditional Ceremony of Saparan Joyokusumo
Saparan Joyokusumo is traditional thanksgiving held by the community of Kalirejo village for the prosperity of the people. The ceremony is usually carried out in the complex of Prince Joyokusumo’s graveyard.

January 8 2013, Traditional Ceremony of Rebo Pungkasan Bantul
The local people of Wonokromo, in Pleret subdistrict of Bantul, hold a traditional rite expected to reject any disease and other calamities, and purposed to thank God for His mercy. The people plan to hold it on Tuesday night.

January 17 2013, Traditional Ceremony of Saparan Kalibuko 
Saparan Kalibuko is a traditional celebration held by the people of Kalirejo, Kakap, Kulonprogo. This ceremony relates to the pilgrimage story of Sunan Kalijaga and his followers when the spread Islam at Kulon Progo. In that pilgrimage moment they took a rest in Kalirejo and ate together as a pray for the prosperity of the community.

February 20 2013, Traditoinal Ceremony of Merti Dusun Dodogan
The local people of Dodogan will probably perform a thanksgiving ritual on Wednesday, 20 February 2013, in Dlingo subdistrict of Bantul. Starting with communal prayer in the house of the village’s chief, the procession of jodhag (the parade of bamboo stretchers holding the offering) proceeds to the local pond called Sendang Ayu where the offering is eventually given away to the crowd. This event ends wuth kenduri (ritual meal).

February 20-24 2013, Cultural Week Tionghoa
PBTY implemented Ketandan region that is location not far from Malioboro Yogyakarta within the framework of the Chinese New Year.

March 18 2013, Hindu Ceremony of Melasti
Hindu people celebrate Melasti by a Hindu prayer and offering disposal floated to the sea. It is purposed to develop the human relationship harmony and the inter-religion tolerance, to revive the attitude of oneself-control, and to develop the service to bath the religion and the country, they will perform this rite on Monday, 18 March 2013 in Parangkusuma beach of Parangtritis, in Kretek subdistrict of Bantul at about 1 a.m
March 5 2013, Traditional Ceremony of Ngalangi (Sedekah Laut)
Alms ceremony is a procession lifted ngalangi sea fish by using gawar wawar made from tree roots that spread nets anchored as Kedungwok hill and driven together into the sea by the local community. Wediombo beach, Village Jepitu, District Girisubo.

March 11 2013, Traditional Ceremony of Nyepi (Tawur Agung)
Supreme Tawur a ceremony to welcome Nyepi Day or New Year Saka. The procession begins with the Tawur Supreme Kesangan mendak tirta and circumambulation ceremony in the temple of Brahma, Wisnu, and Shiva in the complex temple of Prambanan. In this ceremony there will be a colossal dance performance and ogah-ogah. Held on March 11 2013 in Yogyakarta Prambanan Temple Complex.

April 27 2013, Traditional Ceremony of Merti Dusun Krebet
The ritual of Merty Dusun of Krebet constitutes a thanksgiving ceremony to thank God for His favor of good harvest, and from their life delivered from calamity. It is usually held on Saturday Legi in thre month of Jumadilakir. It will be held on 27 April 2013.

May 1-31 2013, Pilgrimage Goa Maria
The month of May is considered as the month for devotional tradition subjected to honor Mother Marry by Catholic believers. During this month Goa Maria Sendangsono, in Banjaroya, Kalibawang, Kulonprogo is usually visited by thousands of pilgrimages especially Chatolic believers from all over Indonesia. All activities devotional tradition are managed by St. Maria Lourdes Promasan Parochial.

May 15 2013, anniversary of Sleman’s Residence
The ceremony is conducted in order to commemorate the anniversary of Sleman’s residence.

May 31 2013, Traditional Ceremony of Mbah Bergas
The Ceremony of Mbah Bergas is performed in Hamlet village Ngino, Margoagung, Seyegan, Sleman. Organized depleted harvest and recalls the ideals Mbah Bregas.

May 27 2013, Anniversary Ceremony of Gunungkidul District
The ceremony is conducted in order to commemorate the anniversary of Gunung Kidul Regency in bangsal Sewoko Projo, Gunungkidul.

May 25 2013, Traditional Ceremony of Merti Dusun Mantub 
The local people of Mantub surroundings express their thanksfulness God for the safety and the daily food they have got by performing a thanksgiving ritual. They plan to carry it out on Saturday, 25 May 2013 in Baturetno village of Banguntapan subdistrict.

June 2013, Traditional Ceremony of wonosari
Traditional ceremony was accompanied by Reog and Puppet Stage. The event was held in June 2013 in the Village District Wonosari.

June 2 2013, Traditional Ceremony of Gubug Gede
Ceremonies held by the District Ngalang Ngawen, Guungkidul.

3rd and 4th June 2013, The Ceremony of Bhekti Pertiwi & Pisungsung Jaladri
Representing gratitude to God for the efficacious harvest and also meants as a plea for the next succesfull harvest and for safety of the tourists on their visit to parangtritis, it will be held on Monday and Tuesday 3rd and 4th June 2013, starts at around 11.00 a.m at the pendapa in Parangtritis village, subdistrict of Kretek.

9rd and 10th June 2013, Traditional Ceremony of Labuhan Merapi
Ceremonies Labuhan Merapi, which is an annual routine activity every 30 Rejeb in commemoration jumenengan Ndalem Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono X. In order to invoke the protection and safety of the slopes of Merapi, Yogyakarta in particular and society in general.

June 9 2013, Yogyakarta Royal Offerings
The ritual of Yogyakarta royal offerings is held every the 30th of Rejeb (Javanese month). In this year it will be carried out on Sunday 9 June 2013, at about 08.00 a.m in Parangkusuma beach, Parangtritis, the subdistrict of Kretek, Bantul. This rite is purposed to realize the gratitude to God and to beg for salvation for Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X.

June 7 2013, Anniversary of the Yogyakarta City
Anniversary of the Yogyakarta City Government to 68 years.

June 16 2013, Jogo Kali Jogo Festival
Routine activities carried out in their communities Notoprajan, District Ngampilan, Winongo nriverside to keep clean the river and all around him.
Merti Code ceremonialis ceremony preservation of the river (Kali) code. Organized by the community, especially the northern part of Code incorporated in the container Northern Peoples Forum Code (FMCU).

July 1 2013, Traditional Ceremony of Kupatan Jolosutro
Held annually on Monday Legi in Javanese month of Ruwah, this rite took place in Jolosutro field, in the subdistrict of Piyungan. The ritual is aimed at expressing gratitude for God’s bessing for the successful harvest, sending prayer for the late religious leader Sunan Geseng, and preserving this esteemed legacy of culture. It will be held on 1 July 2013.

July 1 2013, Traditional Ceremony of Nyadran Makam Sewu
Nyadran Makam Sewu is the tradition by the people of Pajangan to send prayers for the late Mbah Bodho, a local religious leader and for his descendants buried in the same compound. It will take place on Monday, 1 July 2013 in the cemetery called Makam Sewu in Wijirejo, the subdistrict of Pandak.

July 20 2013, The Anniversary Ceremony of Bantul Regency
The birthday of Bantul will be celebrated on Saturday 20 July 2013 in Bantul city with a ceremony performed in Javanese Language, the participants of which wear Javanese traditional clothings of Yogyakarta style. The ceremony is enlivened with a parade of ‘Jodhangs’ (the Javanese traditional wooden containers) derived from all of the subdistricts in Bantul Regency.

July 2013, Traditional Ceremony of Nyadran Agung
Nyadran Agung is tradition of giving prayer for the ancestors spirits. The activity is usually held upcoming the Ramadhan at the Kulon Progo Regent’s Official House.

July 1 2013, Traditional Ceremony of Sadranan Gunung Gambar
Traditional ceremony in Gunung Gambar, Beji Villages, Jurangjero, Ngawen, Gunungkidul.

July 1 2013, Traditional Ceremony of Cing-Cing Goling
Traditional ceremony to Gedangan village safety. It is held by the people of Gedangrejo, Karangmojo, Gunungkidul.

August 11 2013, The Fishermen’s Offerings of Pandansimo
a ritual of thanksgiving for good catch and for safety at the sea, carried out by Pandansimo people, presents the sea offerings procession including a fishing game, a fish cooking contest and the local folk art. It will be held on Sunday, 11 August 2013 at 11 a.m, at Pandansimo beach in Poncosari village the Srandakan subdistrict.

August 11 2013, Traditional Ceremony Logantung
Traditional ceremony at Sedang Beji Logantung, Sumberejo District Semin

August 10-11 2013, Performing Arts Lebaran Holidays 2013
Music or traditional dance performances to entertaint visitors of Kulon Progo’s tourist places on holiday seassion of Eid 2013.

August 18 2013, Ceremony of Merti Golong Giling Dipowinatan
This traditional ceremony held in order to build a spirit of determination as well as maintain the unity and togetherness Dipowinatan citizens.

August 14 2013, Kampung Wisata Pandeyan Grebeg Ba’da Kupat
Before Carnival Gunungan Kupat held, in the morning carried Merti Dusun with clean village. Carnival Kupat Mountains consisting of Gunungan Kakung and Putri accompanied bergodo lombok abang soldier, jathilan arts, lion dance and traditional music.

August 2013, Traditional Ceremony at Babad Dalan Sodo
Traditional ceremony at Sodo village, Paliyan subdistrict, Gunungkidul.

September 2013, Traditional Ceremony at Nglangeran
Traditional ceremony at Nglangeran, Patuk subdistrict, Gunungkidul.

September 6 2013, Traditional Ceremony Ki Ageng Tunggul Wulung
Ceremony Tunggul Wulung begins Friday 6 September 2013 at 20:00 p.m with performances uyon-uyon from the local community, followed by a procession taking holy water from the Sendang Beji. The water is then paraded and is buried in the village Hall Sendangagung.

September 20 2013, Traditional Ceremony Tuk Si Bedug
Tuk Sibedug ceremonial procession carried the culture of the village hall leading to the guesthouse Sunan Margodadi Kalijaga Grogol Margodadi. At the rest house was then performed, followed by a ceremony penebaran udik-udik. The series continued with a ceremony on the field Mranggen ceremonial dance with popular attractions as well as the distribution of food typical of ‘cethil’ and the water ‘Tirto true’ to the tourist.

September 7-8 2013
Jogja International Street Performance

September 16-17 2013
Jogja International Heritage Walk

October 1-31 2013, Rosary Pilgrimage Month
Goa Maria Sendangsono, Banjaroya, Kalibawang, Kulonprogo. October is considered as the month of Rosary, as devational tradition month subjected to honor Mother Mary by Catholic believers through rosary pray. During this month, Goa Maria Sendangsono in Banjaroya, Kalibawang, Kulonprogo is usually visited by thousands of pilgrimage especially Catholic believers from all over Indonesia. All activities related to the devotional tradition are managed by St. Maria Lourdes Promasan Parochial.

October 20 2013, World Food Day
October 16 has been declared as World Food Day by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Community of Sendangsono celebrates the World Food Dayby performing traditional drumming music festival and agricultural products in the complex of Goa Maria Sendangsono.

October 7 2013, Anniversary of the city of Yogyakarta
October 2013, Anniversary of the city of Kulonprogo
Alun – alun Wates, Selasa Pahing 15 October 2013. Regular activity of kite flyer competition by kite flyers communities.

October 2013, Festival Kite
Regular activity of kite flyer competition by kite flyers communities.

November 4 2013, The Descent Of Mahesa Sura
The rite of tumuruning Mahesa Sura( the descent of an unreal buffalo called Mahesa Sura) is purposed to thank god for the favor of fertile land, and to beg for His blessing of good harvest in the following days. This ritual event will be performed on Monday, 4 November 2013 at 08.00 p.m in Samas Beach, Srigading village, the subdistrict of Sanden, Bantul.

November 4 2013, Malam 1 Syura
Traditional ceremony to celebrate Islam New Year – Hijriyah and Javanese New Year Saka

November 5 2013, Traditional Ceremony of Jamasan Pusaka Suroloyo
Jamasan Pusaka (Washing Relic) is traditional ceremony held at Suroloyo, Gerbosari, Samigaluh, Kulon Progo. There are two relics to be washe : Kyai Manggala Dewa and Songsong Manggal Murti.

November 10 2013, Traditional Ceremony of Labuhan Bekti Jalanidhi
The people of Srigading village, in Sanden subdistrict is going to perform the ritual of Bekti Jalanidhi on Sunday 10 November 2013. It will start at 9 a.m with a procession from Srigading village – meeting hall in Sanden subdistrict to Samas beach. At the beach, they drop the offering in the from of buffalo-head completed with some other ritual materials. They conclude it with a ritual meal.

November 19 2013, The Ceremony of Labuhan Hondodento
The ritual of Labuhan Hondodento is carried out to thank God for His favor of good life and to beg for safety. Usually conducted in the 15th of Sura (Javanese month), this rite will be done on Tuesday 10 November 2013 in Parangkusuma beach, Parangtritis, the subdistrict of Kretek, Bantul at 07.00 a.m

November 5 2013, The Ceremony of Ruwatan Gunung Lanang
Ruwatan Gunung Lanang is traditional ceremony which especially held to bring prosperity and safety. The tradition is usually held every Javanese New Year (1 Syura), wayang puppet show will be performed in the night and after that sea offerings at Congot Beach in the morning.

November 12 2013, The Ceremony of Nggumbregi
Nggumbregi is traditional ceremony held in Karanggede, Jatimulyo, Girimulyo, Kulon Progoas thanksgiving to the God for the livelihoods especially cattles such as cow, buffalo, goat, etc, and for the prosperity of the people.

November 12 2013, Traditional Ceremony of Ki Daruno Nyai Daruni
Traditional ceremony held by people of Bugel as thanksgiving to ask helaty, prosperity and preventing from calamity and disaster.

November 12 2013, The Ceremony of Labuhan Hajad Dalem Pura Pakualaman
Labuhan Hajad Dalem Pura Pakualaman is traditional ceremony held by the Royal Family of Pura Pakualaman. This Labuhan is kind of offerings held in the Glagah beach by procession to the sea with goal for prosperity. Clothes and things belonged to the family are things included on the offerings.

November 21 2013, The Ceremony of Sedekah Laut Minabahari 45
The ritual event of Mina Bahari 45 will be performed on Thursday 21 November 2013. It is commenced at 01.00 p.m at the ‘pendapa’ (the front part of Javanese mansion) of Depok Beach. Initiated with a prayer, the ritual meal is carried out by the local people. It is concluded by floating the offerings away to the sea. The ritual is an expression of thanksfulness of the people to God for His favor of good fish catch. It is also people’s hope to beseech for daily meals for the following year.

November 21 2013, Culture Parade of Imogiri
This year the culture parade of Imogiri will be performed on Thursday 21 November 2013. Started at 01.00 p.m it will take place from the front yard of Imogiri subdistrict office towards the yard of Pajimatan bus station. This event constitutes a preceding part of the ritual series of Nguras Enceh (Nguras Kong) on the following day.

November 21 2013, The Ceremony of Nguras Enceh
Such ritual ceremony will be held on Friday 22 November 2013 at the Imogiri Royal Cemetery. At about 08.00 a.m the prescribed people perform themselves to cleanse the holy pitchers, the water from which is exploited by the visitors as a good-fortune-bearer. The ritual is preceded with a prayer by the cemetery caretakers.

December 2013, Traditional Ceremony of Taruban Tuksono Village
Traditional ceremony held by people of Taruban as thanksgiving for the good harvests.

December 31 2013, Performing a New Year’s Eve Firework 2014
A celebration to welcome New Year 2014

December 8 2013, Traditional Ceremony of Merti Bumi Tunggul Arum
Traditional ceremony conducted in the Tunggul Arum village in order to applying safety.