Category Archives: Indonesia Blog

Jaladara : Classic Steam Train, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia

Surakarta government launched the operation of Jaladara classic train. The train has steam locomotive made in German C-1218 in 1893 and the two coaches are made in Holland , a TR 144 and TR 16 made from teak in 1909.

The train has been in operation since 27 Sept 2009. Locally known as Sepur Kluthuk Jaladara, the train passing the heart of Surakarta city. The railway was used as track of Sultan carriage and tram transporting Caucasian people (Dutch). This track 5.6 km long from Purwosari Station to Station in Sangkrah.

Riding on the classic train will take you back to the past. Purwosari Station, the starting point is a historical building in the period of Mangkunegara IV. From there passing Purwosari villages and Jalan Slamet Riyadi via a turning railway. The next stop is Loji Gandrung located in Penumping area. Loji Gandrung is also an old building which is functioned as city mayor house, built by Jensen an ex Dutch Indies soldier which later became the tycoon of coffee in Java. Afterwards train moves eastward passing Sriwedari Park, which was known as the garden of king and then proceed to Kampung Batik Kauman the center of Surakarta souvenirs. Here passengers also have the change to see the making of batik painting. Afterwards train will end its trip and finish at Sangkrah Station. Sangkrah Station was built in 1922 by NISM.

Jaladata train was introduced by Jokowi, the former mayor of Surakarta and it was launched in 2009. As it is old, it can only make maximum 8 trips per month. For PT KAI, Indonesian Railway, operating this vintage train is a challenge as it takes 4 cubics meters of wood for 6 km trip.

Not only tourist can ride this train but also local people. Currently the maximum capacity of this train is 80 passengers.

Part 1: Farming was Firstly Invented in Java (Java, Indonesia Atlantis)

I was and amazed to read this in a book written by Prof. Arysio Santos: Atlantis the Lost Continent Finally Found.  Here he  concludes that farming was firstly evolved in Java (read:  Atlantis). Below is the summary from his book.

Diodorus, a Greek historian wrote that confusingly, “Corn (wheat) was not recognized by Atlantis people.” This information is interesting though it is strange. Atlantis people is known as the founder of farming, which according to most experts initially invented in Near East with grains  or cereals such as wheat, etc.

Yet if we examine closely, now revealed that the first grain cultivated was rice. Recently found that farming began in Far East (China and India) in 15,000 years ago or more.

Dorian Fuller of University College London said that people were using rice earlier than this founding.

This calendar was achieved by a Chinese researchers from grains of rice found in a sacrificial store room, in a popular archaeological site (Yangtze River) . Therefore, this research result unquestionable and acknowledged by whoever have enough knowledge about this matter.

Moreover, the grains were not determined by radiocarbon by Chinese labs, but also labs in western countries which is universally acknowledged.

Like it or not, we should start with the reality, that farming was not invented in Near East as most experts stated, but in the Far East, as it was practiced earlier.

This archaeological findings also eliminates locations like Europe and Levenant where wheat and barley are the main crops. In the western parts, rice farming was recognized later, when it was introduced from east.

Marco Polo said that he was surprised that people from East Asia did not recognize wheat farming, instead they plant rice paddy. And the reason is understandable.

Rice is tropical areas products. This fact confirms the tropicality of Atlantis, as mentioned by Plato and Deodorus. Moreover, ‘rice’ derives from Dravida language, ‘arici’, proves that grains in the world came from India. Even, ‘cereal’ derives from Dravida language, ‘sarici’.

Why this plant has Indian name if its origin is from somewhere else. Dravida is also the origin of other words like oryza (Latin), oruza (Greek), riz (French), arroz (Portuguese), rice (English), and ruz (Arabic).

SO, though Atlantis did not recognize wheat, as mentioned by Diodorus, they had abundant rice and other tropical products as written by Plato. And as the name derives from Dravida (India), not just the plant, but the farming culture came from India.

Though the calendar is very old, yet it is possible that sample of grains from China, Korea, Vietnam and India are not the oldest in the world.  The sites seem to be secondary gene centers imported paddy and probably with the cultivation of other plants such as banana, coconut, pineapple and etc from the real source. The real spread if far earlier than that, which is big possibility located in Atlantis.

According to this book, Atlantis is located in Indonesia. The writer gave in-depth explanation about this. Also that Atlantis was rich of minerals, farm lands, mountains known as paradise. According to calendar, in the period of Atlantis, the world was in Ice Age. That is was impossible for other areas which are not located in equator to have such a paradise qualities. And it was destroyed by universal disaster, which was caused by volcanic activity, eruption of Mt Toba and later also Mt Krakatau. This massive explosion created huge tsunami and ended the ice age and universal flood and increased the sea level about 130 m. The survives then diffuse to other areas, such as China, South East Asia, America, Near East, Europe, India, etc. And in their new place they recreated the cultivation.

Below is picture of map based on the detailed geophysical reconstruction of the sea-bottoms in the region in question, and portrays the areas of depth under 100 meters, which were clearly exposed during the Ice Age, when sea level dropped by that amount and even more. (Picture by


Sanskrit word for rice is java or yava, which is same as the name of Java Island in Indonesia. This name is also same with term of white-ski n race in India holy language, Yavana. From this term also name of people of Greece or Ionia, also Javan, the name of son of Japheth comes from.

This ethnonym is spelled with Iarones according to Homer, which is from India. This fact proves that Greek or Javana came from Far East.

According to Greek tradition, Atlas the Titan is considered as son of Iapetos, also other titans like Prometheus, Epimetheus, and Hesperus. Iapetos is considered as the ancestor, through Prometheus and Deucalion, their Flood Hero and son of Prometheus.

According to the Bible (Genesis, 10:2; Jer.00; Eze.27:13), Javan and its brother dwelled in the islands of gentiles. These mysterious islands seem to be the paradise islands, including Java.

Main source: Atlantis The Lost Continent Finally Found by Prof. Arysio Santos
Other Source :
-National Geographic News

Ndalem Wuryaningratan : Batik Museum, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia

This European-Javanese stle building is known as nDalem Wuryaningratan. It looks strong, beautiful and glamorous , located on the side of Slamet Riyadi Street in Surakarta. Wuryaningratan was the name of the first owner of this building, Prince Haryo Wuryaningrat, the son in law of king of Surakarta, Paku Buwono X.
The house is not just classic, but inside it displays more than 10,000 pieces of batik from 1840 till 1910. A businessman from Solo, Santosa Doelah, since 2000 used this residence as Batik Museum to keep his batik collections. He collected Batik for 30 years. Among its 10,000 collections, 1,500 collections were from a curator in Troupen Museum, Holland. He has an obsession to take all batik collections abroad to Indonesia that Indonesian generations can still see them.
Batik displayed here are masterpieces such as Dutch , Chinese , Javanese , Hakokai, Indian and Keraton Batik. The whole batik were made for royal family that no wonder there are numbers of larangan (prohibited) motives in this museum.
Larangan motif is batik motif which is not allowed to be worn by common people as it is considered as sacred, such as parang, udan liris, semen motif. The motives are only created for royals, adipati and princes.
The collectiosn were gathered from 4 palaces in Surakarta and Yogyakarta (Keraton Kasunanan Surakarta, Pura Mangkunegara, Keraton Kasultanan Yogyakarta and Pura Pakualaman).

Glass Beads from Jombang, East Java, Indonesia

Gudo, is located about 11 kilometers from Jombang city. Since year 2000 it is popular as the center of beads handicrafts. Along the streets you can find kiosk selling necklaces and bracelet is tempting colors and design of beads.

Beads is made of glass waste. The method is bu coloring the glass and then heated 700 to 800 deg C.

Beads of Gudo is affordable. The beads are various resembles kiffa beads from Africa, Islamic Beads from Persia, Borneo, Multisalah and Sevron beads. The price ranges from 10,000 to 90,000 rupiahs.  Beside enjoying shopping, you can also enjoying the neighborhood, as this area is located nearby rice field.

Tretes Waterfall, Jombang, East Java, Indonesia

Tretes waterfall is the tallest waterfall in East Java, he two flows of water falls beautifully 158 meters downward. Located at the altitude 1250 meters in the area of Raden Soeryo Forest Park. The Park is conserved well, and it is the source of water supply of the area.

The waterfall is located about 4o km from Jombang city. It can be reached from Jombang Regency area, and should be followed by 5 km trekking. It can also be accessed from Kediri Regency area, Kandangan district heading to Gelendewo, and trekking about 1 km from parking area.

This waterfall is still natural that there is no tourism management undertaken in the area.

Jayabaya and His Prophecy

King Jayabaya ruled Kediri Kingdom in 1135-1157. His great name is Sri Maharaja Sang Mapanji Jayabhaya Sri Warmeswara Madhusudana Awataranindita Suhtrisingha Parakrama Uttunggadewa.

Jayabaya is popular among Javanese until today, as written also in Babad Tanah Jawi (Chronicle of Java) and Serat Aji Pamasa.

King Jayabaya (Prabu Jayabaya) is believed to be the incarnation of Visnu. He is famous for his prophecy for Java (Indonesia). There are several  manuscripts about Jayabaya prophecy, such as Serat Jayabaya, Musarar, Serat Pranitiwakya and some more.

In Serat jayabaya Musarar, it was written that one day Jayabaya studied to Maolana Ngali Samsujen. From him, he learned about Java Island since it was occupied by Ajisaka until the End of the Day. From the name of the teacher, can be concluded that this manuscript was written in the period of Islam in Java. People always obeyed great figure, that the witer wrote that the prophecy is the words of King Jayabaya.

A writer from Surakarta, Ranggawarsita, often wrote manuscripts of Jayabaya Prophecy, yet he always put his name on his writings, while other manuscripts about Jayabaya prophecy mostly is written anonymously.

Jayabaya prophecy is about the Java Island or Indonesia in general. These are Jayabaya prophecies which are phenomenal:

1. The arrival of white pale skin men who carry a clubs that is able to kill from distance and yellow-skin men from the North.
This prophecy came to be real when Indonesia was colonized by the Dutch and then in 1942, Japanese came to Indonesia.

2. Kreto mlaku tanpo jaran, Prau mlaku ing nduwur awang-awang
Carriage run without horse, ship run in the air . Which is defined as car and plane.

3.The arrival of disasters in Indonesia. 

4. Udan Salah Mongso (Rain in the wrong season)

5. Tanah Jawa kalungan wesi (Java wears necklace of iron )

6. Kali ilang kedhunge ( Rivers lost its spring)

7. Pasar ilang kumandhang — (Traditional) Market lost its sound

8. Bumi saya suwe saya mengkeret — (Earth shrinks)

9. Sekilan bumi dipajeki — (Every small piece of land is levied tax)

10. Jaran doyan mangan sambel — (Horses like to eat sambals)

11. Wong wadon nganggo pakeyan lanang — (Women dress like men)

and there are still more ….

Javanese also refer to Jayabaya prephecy for Indonesian leader or president with term of NOTONEGORO. Indonesian first president was SoekarNO, and the second president was SoeharTO, NE was not in the name of Indonesia 3rd President, BJ Habibie that most people translated this NE means the president from outside Java Island. And GORO (derives from goro-goro) means conflicts and riots happened in the era of Abdurrahman Wahid and Megawati and the 4th and 5th president. And the 6th president YodhoyoNO, is believed that now Indonesia returns to NO again. It seems to be abit too weird, but this topic is very popular among Javanese (Indonesian) as they believe in this prophecy.

Source: wikipedia and kompasiana

Sikarim Waterfall, Wonosobo, Central Java, Indonesia

This waterfall is located nearby Dieng Plateau, just behind Sikunir hill, the very popular spot to watch Dieng Plateau golden sunrise. Height of this fall is 70 meters, suitable for abseiling.

Sikarim Waterfall is best visited during dry season. Its two flows will have more volume of water during rainy season, yet the water will be brown. IN dry season the flow is smaller but water is clear.

Administratively this waterfall is located in Mlandi Village, Garung, Wonosoobo, Central Java, Indonesia. It is about 20 km from the city of Wonosobo. And it just takes about 50 meters trek from the road.

Karang Gantung, Hidden Rock Climbing Spot in Wonosobo, Central Java, Indonesia

Located 6 km south of Wonosobo City, Central Java, Indonesia, this spot is not really known. Even local people sometimes do not know what or where it is when we asked for the way to get here. Just when we arrived there, the access was overgrown by grasses as it is never passed.

Karang Gantung is rock which stands facing Serayu River. The height ranges from 10 meters to 25 meters and length is about 450 m. Actually this is suitable for rock climbing. In the past, the first time i visited this rock, it was clear with lush bamboo forest. And texture of the rock is visible. Yet now, bamboo forest altered to farm field and plus, the rock is overgrown by plants.

The rock has 3 small meditation caves which are still used.

Local people call this rock as Karang Gantung or Watu Tedeng.

Gili Labak Island , Madura, East Java, Indonesia.

Gili Labak is a remote island located in the southeast of Madura Island. This island can be reached about 2 hours by small boat from Kalianget Port of Sumenep. Administratively this island is located in Talango sub-district, Sumenep, East Java, Indonesia.

This 5 hectares island is inhabited by less than 40 families. Their occupations are mostly fishermen, beside that they also do farming for corn and peanuts. This island has its own water supply.

Visiting this island you can see locals drying fish. People are very helpful and friendly to visitors. Its white sandy beach is still clean and inviting to be strolled along.