Category Archives: Indonesia Blog

THE 73 YEARS COMMEMORATION OF JAVA SEA BATTLE, FEBRUARY, 27TH 2015 BY V.O.N

 

Java Sea Battle 2015Like last year event, this year this Java Sea Battle was undertaken on Express Bahari 1C. Bahari express led by Captain Sabarudin sailed to sea location , 06’00’ S.W/ 112’05’ EL, located 60 KM from Bawean Island. Depart at 09.00 AM from Sangkapura Port of Bawean, and arrival at sea location at 10.00 AM.

Unlike last year, this year’s event involved more local people. Local officials from Sangkapura and Tambak district were also attending the commemoration and gave speech. Some students from local primary school, SD Kota Kusuma and SD Sawah Mulia also attend this ceremony.
Mr. Joop Nahuijsen the founder and the initiator of VON gave the opening speech about the history of Java Sea Battle as the background of the commemoration. Afterwards Mr. Abdul Adim and Mr. Gatot Soebroto , respectively Sangkapura and Tambak district head delivered their appreciation that this event revealed the history of Bawean Island and what happened in the past that not many Baweanese knew before and they hoped that this event could benefit Bawean to be known more. The ceremony was hosted by Eko Londo.
The core of the ceremony was casting floral wreath to sea with message “Mariners Never Die, They Only Fade Away.” This year commemoration also gave special honor to some mariners died in the battle initiated by some families who could not participate in this event.
1) Jacob J.Bol ( sergeant of Hr.Ms “Kortenaer”)
2) Cornelis Boers (stoker 1 of Hr. Ms. “De Ruyter.”)
3) Antonie Nahuijsen (telegraphist “De Ruyter”)
In the commemoration, “Ayah” composed by Rinto Harahap as VON Song was played. Ceremony was then closed by moment of silence, playing The Last Post and closing speech by Mr. Joop Nahuijsen.

Nepa Monkey Forest, Bangkalan, Madura, East Java, Indonesia

Nepa forest is a recreational forest surrunded by sea and it is the home of monkeys. Nepa derives from name of coconut-like tree and its leaves can be used as roof. Trees in this forest are not as tall as others. In the middle of the forest there is a creek, there is pathways which makes easy for visitors to explore. It takes to walk about 0.5 km from the main road to forest.

The unique thing about monkeys here are, those monkeys can be called by saying ” Lo Alilo Nyok Lo” means “Where you are, i come to bring victory and show your selves”.  Usually the monkey will show themselves from the trees. Yet is he caller has no good intention, they will not come. Visitors with bad intention will be lost in the forest, and can not find the way out except if they take of their clothes and wear them inside-out.

Long time ago, it is said that white monkeys also could be found here. People come here not just to do leisure travel, but also to meditate. There is a white sandy beach located here as well.

Nepa forest has a legend. Once upon a time, Raden Segoro was on a journey passing the forest, he was the son of Bendoro Gung princess, who was born fatherless. bendowo Gung was the daughter of King Sanghyangtunggal, who exiled her from palace. He and his mother lived happily nearby the forest.  Raden Segoro owned 2 wands which were actually 2 dragons named: Nenggolo and Alugoro, and both are very powerful. One day there was an emissary of King Sangyangtunggal from Medangkawulan Kingdom to pick Raden Segoro up to fight against Chinese army. The king dreamed that only Raden Segoro could conquer the army. Raden Segoro did win the war and  Raden Segoro returned to Nepa forest. He and his mother disappeared mysteriously. Locals believe that they are still living there until today protected the forest. The monkeys are believed to be holy, that no one should kill or hurt them. Both of raden Segoro’s wands are now in Arosbaya King, Prince demang palakaran and became the weapon of Bangkalan.

 

Gili Iyang, The Forever Young Island, Sumenep, Madura, East Java, Indonesia

Geographically , Gili Iyang is located on the east of Madura Island, at Sapudi Strait. It takes about 15 minutes or 2.41 miles from Dungkek Port by boat. Gili Iyang is 9.15 kilometes square.

Lately this island become topics as according to Balai Besar Teknis Kesehatan Lingkungan dan Pengendalian Penyakit (Technical Center for Environmental Health and Disease Control) of East Java,  this island has 21.5% oxygen level, more than the average level: 20% by taking samples of sea water, fish, air and 20 local who are older than 80 years. Even found local which is older tahn 175 years.

The oxygen level 21.5%, CO2 265ppm from the threshold 387 and noise level 36.5 db. This means the oxygen is above the normal quality which is very good for health. From that fact, people call this island as Island of Forever Young.

This special feature of this island was found out in 2006, when researchers of National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN) discovered this from the monitoring of satellite that the oxygen level in this island was high. LAPAN then undertook a 3 months research by situating 8 oxygen measuring instrument in its air. The result is that C)2, CO, NO2, and SO2 in this island is much lower than the threshold. This was measured from transition of dry season to wet season. When rainy season season shift to dry season, the oxygen level is higher.

This high O2 level was caused by the air velocity of the sea around the island. The Island is barely unpolluted.

One factor which caused this is also the existence of caves in this island, according to record there are 17 caves.

Malang Tempoe Doeloe Museum

Though it is called as museum, this is unlike the usual one. Malang Tempoe Doeloe Museum (Malang Yesteryear Museum), has fresh and modern look.

This museum was officially opened in 22 october 2012 by Dwi Cahyono. He is the owner of the moseum and also the chief of Malang Art Council and also who initiate Old Malang Festival to be revived.

The exterior is very modern. The museum concept is New Concept Modern Live Museum. There are many information offered here from paleontology, pre-historic, history and independence struggle of Indonesia.

There are 20 rooms with various concepts. The first room visitors will be taken to the era of 1.5 millions years ago. In this room there are various collections of artifacts and also how to know how old these artifacts are. Visitor will find also informations about Malang which is encircled by major mountains : Mt Kelud, Mt Kawi, Mt Welirang, Mt Arjuna, Mt Bromo, Mt Tengger and Mt Semeru. This information can be enjoyed in video.

Malang 760 AD, there was a kingdom of Kanjuruhan. Ater passing a forest visitors will meet Singasari Kingdom. Ken Arok, the king of Singasari visually doing meditation.

Period of Kediri, and Majapahit Kingdom were also interpreted here. The pedigree of major kings with statue miniature and wax statues. There is also diorama which visualize the kidnapping of Ken Dedes by Tunggul Ametung.

And there are still more other interesting information and collections in this museum. It opens daily from 08.00-17.00.

History of Lasem, Rembang, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia

Lasem is a district located on the Java Northern Coastal Line, about 15 km East of rembang, Central Java. has 73 villages. The northern border is Java Sea, southern border is Pancur district, on the east is Sluke and Kagan district and on the western is Rembang city.

Lasem has been known to be area where Chinese and Javanese mingle in harmony, also mixture of 3 religions: Islam, Christian / Catholic and Buddha. Most of local occupations are farmers, fishermen and trader as it is located on the coastal area.

First time visitors will notice in the city is the beauty of old buildings with Chinese and European architecture. Lasem is also known as ‘The Little Beijing Old Town” by European researcher in the colonial period. The old buildings are located in babagan, Gedong Mulyo, Karang Tri, Sumber Girang, Soditan and Ngemplak. Most buildings are well nurtured though some are abandoned. Since 1986, local government protected the buildings.

Lasem is also known for is Batik with dragon motif, Javanese and Chinese cultre mixture. In 1950s, batik makes are hundreds, yet since 1998, their number is lessen. Beside known as the biggest Chinatown in Java, it is also known as islam pilgrimage city. Chinese dominate economic activity, as trading skill is handed down to generations. As just a district Lasem is more popular than Rembang, the regency city, as it has been trade city since long time ago.

In Majapahit period, Lasem had evolved to be one of the most pivotal area as it is strategically located on coastal and it was once also an important port, which was located in Babagan. Babagan river was a major transportation route connects Lasem city to the port. Sadly, now the river was not functioned as it was.

In the past lasem was part of majapahit Kingdom. In the period of King Hayam Wuruk, formed 7 Supreme Advisory Council called as Bathara Sapta Prabu, which were appointed from King’s family dwelling in seven places :
– Tribhuana Tungga Dewi (Majapahit)
– Sri Kerta Wardhana (Singosari)
– Dyah Wyah Rja Dewi (Dhaha)
– Sri Wijaya Rajasa (Wengker)
– Sri rajasa Nagara (Kahuripan)
– Bhre Lasem (Lasem)
– Bhre Pajang (Pajang)

After Bhre lasem married with Sri Rajasa Nagara, who ruled in matahun and Bhre Pajang married with Sri Singa Wardhana, who ruled in Paguhan, hen the advisory council became 9. This beceomes very strong evidence that in the period of Tri Bhuana Tungga Dewi, Lasem was a sovereign land.

Later in 1354 Lasem became state of Majapahit or Bhre. Bhre lasem, Putri Indu name became  Putri Indu Dewi Purnama Wulan. During that time, Bhre Lasem had two major ports: Pangkalan (west) and Labuhan (east) and port in Lasem (Babagan area). The ports were visited by traders from China and Campa.

Putri Indu died and replaced by her son, Raden Wardana. In his period Lasem became kadipaten (regency). This means that Raden Wardhana was not one of Bathara Sapta Prabu replacing his mother, yet became the first adipat (regent) in Lasem.

Raden Wardana was replaced by his son, Wijaya Badra. Wijaya Badra was replaced by his son Badranala. Badranala married with a princess from Campa and he had two sons: Wira Bodro and Santi Bodro.

Wira Badra replaced his father and became adipati and Santi Bodro was a guru and a HIndu religious leader in Lasem. He ruled for 9 years, in 1496 he moved the capital nearby coast, in Binangun and port in Pangkalan was moved to Buinangun Bay. In this period Islam entered Lasem. Wira Badra converted Islam and asked a lady ullema, Nyai Ageng Maloka, daughter of Sunan Ampel. Her brother, Makdum Ibrahim, also came with her to Lasem.

After Nyai Ageng Maloka taught Islam in Binangun in 1470, she married to Bodro Negoro the first son of adipati. in 1474, Wiro Bodro passed away and replace by his oldest son Bodro Negoro. He died when he just rule Lasem for 5 years, and replaced by his wife, Nyai Ageng Maloko. She was assisted by her brother Maulana malik Ibrahim or Sunan Bonang.

The the period of Nyai Ageng Maloka, the capital was moved to Lasem again. She was the last adipati in Lasem as after that Lasem was under Demak Kingdom. That was when Islam Kingdom in its glorious day and Majapahit was fading.
Lasem was a sovereign area. Its area stretch from pacitan, until estuary of Solo river: Sedayu. Lasem was very large compared to Rambang regency currently.

 

Gereja Blendhuk (Blendhuk Church), Semarang Central Java, Indonesia

This church was built in 1753 and one of Semarang city land mark. Different from other churches, this church built in Neo Classic style and very eye catching located nearby Jalan Suari that was known as Kerk Straat in the colonial period.

This church which is not becoming one witn the single facade vertically devided into three parts. Facing south, the floor is as high as the street level in front of it. The foundation used is made of rock and the structure is made of red brick. The wall is made of thick red brick, as thick as the rock. The dome roof covered with metal layer and strengthen with teak structure. Under the dome, there is a holes which shine the inside.

The Eastern, Southern and Western part of the building there are portico with Rome style. It has two minarets with dome roof  on the left and right side

 

This church has been restored several times. In 1973, the building was in Javanese stye and in 1787 it was renovated completely. In 1894, this was renovated by H.P.A de Wilde and Westmaes to its current style.

 

Wirun Village: Gamelan Home Industry, Sukoharjo, Central Java, Indonesia

Located not far from Surakarta, there is a village whose local people craft gamelan from generation to generation. The village is called as Wirun, administratively located in Sukoharjo Regency.
As other villages in java, Wirun is tranquil, people are friendly and smiles when eye-contact with others, and green rice fields nestle. But when you go further to the village, the sound of metal hit can be heard vaguely.
The sound of the metal comes from some men working in a humble building. In the middle of the building there is live coals, sometimes fire soars higher and it makes the room hotter quickly. And when the fire is not soaring anymore, followed with sound of hammer hitting metal plate.

There is no written explanation about the exact time the locals of this village started to be gamelan maker. They only know that this craft has been living in this village since their grandfather and event their great great grand father as story told for generations.

Currently gamelan is made in a more modern way. Craftsmen use gas to heat the plate. While the to shape it into gamelan they still uses manual method, using hammer. Using this method, if the making goes well, within one day, this group of craftsmen can make 2 gamelan.

Gamelan making process is started with heating the metal to create a plate. They use tin and copper heated in an earthenware vessel. After both metals melt and produce precise mix, then pour into mold. The mold size and material depends on the gamelan size which is going to craft.

.After cold, both mix then released from the mold and become plate. This plate then repeatedly heated and forged until it results the gamelan wanted. Forging will take about 2 hours 15 minutes and it involves 7-9 craftsmen.

The next phase is adjusting the sound standard. Though this phase can be done by using technology, yet it still often uses instinct.
One set of gamelan are 300 pieces, can be finished in 4 months.

Located not far from Wirun village are other villages with their special products:
1) On the east located earthen roof home industry in Mertan or Godekan Village.
2) Bekonang village is where Alcohol Home Industry located.
3) Karak Home Industry in Gadingan Village

Jaladara : Classic Steam Train, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia

Surakarta government launched the operation of Jaladara classic train. The train has steam locomotive made in German C-1218 in 1893 and the two coaches are made in Holland , a TR 144 and TR 16 made from teak in 1909.

The train has been in operation since 27 Sept 2009. Locally known as Sepur Kluthuk Jaladara, the train passing the heart of Surakarta city. The railway was used as track of Sultan carriage and tram transporting Caucasian people (Dutch). This track 5.6 km long from Purwosari Station to Station in Sangkrah.

Riding on the classic train will take you back to the past. Purwosari Station, the starting point is a historical building in the period of Mangkunegara IV. From there passing Purwosari villages and Jalan Slamet Riyadi via a turning railway. The next stop is Loji Gandrung located in Penumping area. Loji Gandrung is also an old building which is functioned as city mayor house, built by Jensen an ex Dutch Indies soldier which later became the tycoon of coffee in Java. Afterwards train moves eastward passing Sriwedari Park, which was known as the garden of king and then proceed to Kampung Batik Kauman the center of Surakarta souvenirs. Here passengers also have the change to see the making of batik painting. Afterwards train will end its trip and finish at Sangkrah Station. Sangkrah Station was built in 1922 by NISM.

Jaladata train was introduced by Jokowi, the former mayor of Surakarta and it was launched in 2009. As it is old, it can only make maximum 8 trips per month. For PT KAI, Indonesian Railway, operating this vintage train is a challenge as it takes 4 cubics meters of wood for 6 km trip.

Not only tourist can ride this train but also local people. Currently the maximum capacity of this train is 80 passengers.

Part 1: Farming was Firstly Invented in Java (Java, Indonesia Atlantis)

I was and amazed to read this in a book written by Prof. Arysio Santos: Atlantis the Lost Continent Finally Found.  Here he  concludes that farming was firstly evolved in Java (read:  Atlantis). Below is the summary from his book.

Diodorus, a Greek historian wrote that confusingly, “Corn (wheat) was not recognized by Atlantis people.” This information is interesting though it is strange. Atlantis people is known as the founder of farming, which according to most experts initially invented in Near East with grains  or cereals such as wheat, etc.

Yet if we examine closely, now revealed that the first grain cultivated was rice. Recently found that farming began in Far East (China and India) in 15,000 years ago or more.

Dorian Fuller of University College London said that people were using rice earlier than this founding.

This calendar was achieved by a Chinese researchers from grains of rice found in a sacrificial store room, in a popular archaeological site (Yangtze River) . Therefore, this research result unquestionable and acknowledged by whoever have enough knowledge about this matter.

Moreover, the grains were not determined by radiocarbon by Chinese labs, but also labs in western countries which is universally acknowledged.

Like it or not, we should start with the reality, that farming was not invented in Near East as most experts stated, but in the Far East, as it was practiced earlier.

This archaeological findings also eliminates locations like Europe and Levenant where wheat and barley are the main crops. In the western parts, rice farming was recognized later, when it was introduced from east.

Marco Polo said that he was surprised that people from East Asia did not recognize wheat farming, instead they plant rice paddy. And the reason is understandable.

Rice is tropical areas products. This fact confirms the tropicality of Atlantis, as mentioned by Plato and Deodorus. Moreover, ‘rice’ derives from Dravida language, ‘arici’, proves that grains in the world came from India. Even, ‘cereal’ derives from Dravida language, ‘sarici’.

Why this plant has Indian name if its origin is from somewhere else. Dravida is also the origin of other words like oryza (Latin), oruza (Greek), riz (French), arroz (Portuguese), rice (English), and ruz (Arabic).

SO, though Atlantis did not recognize wheat, as mentioned by Diodorus, they had abundant rice and other tropical products as written by Plato. And as the name derives from Dravida (India), not just the plant, but the farming culture came from India.

Though the calendar is very old, yet it is possible that sample of grains from China, Korea, Vietnam and India are not the oldest in the world.  The sites seem to be secondary gene centers imported paddy and probably with the cultivation of other plants such as banana, coconut, pineapple and etc from the real source. The real spread if far earlier than that, which is big possibility located in Atlantis.

According to this book, Atlantis is located in Indonesia. The writer gave in-depth explanation about this. Also that Atlantis was rich of minerals, farm lands, mountains known as paradise. According to calendar, in the period of Atlantis, the world was in Ice Age. That is was impossible for other areas which are not located in equator to have such a paradise qualities. And it was destroyed by universal disaster, which was caused by volcanic activity, eruption of Mt Toba and later also Mt Krakatau. This massive explosion created huge tsunami and ended the ice age and universal flood and increased the sea level about 130 m. The survives then diffuse to other areas, such as China, South East Asia, America, Near East, Europe, India, etc. And in their new place they recreated the cultivation.

Below is picture of map based on the detailed geophysical reconstruction of the sea-bottoms in the region in question, and portrays the areas of depth under 100 meters, which were clearly exposed during the Ice Age, when sea level dropped by that amount and even more. (Picture by bibliotecapleyades.net)

atlantis_2

Sanskrit word for rice is java or yava, which is same as the name of Java Island in Indonesia. This name is also same with term of white-ski n race in India holy language, Yavana. From this term also name of people of Greece or Ionia, also Javan, the name of son of Japheth comes from.

This ethnonym is spelled with Iarones according to Homer, which is from India. This fact proves that Greek or Javana came from Far East.

According to Greek tradition, Atlas the Titan is considered as son of Iapetos, also other titans like Prometheus, Epimetheus, and Hesperus. Iapetos is considered as the ancestor, through Prometheus and Deucalion, their Flood Hero and son of Prometheus.

According to the Bible (Genesis, 10:2; Jer.00; Eze.27:13), Javan and its brother dwelled in the islands of gentiles. These mysterious islands seem to be the paradise islands, including Java.

Main source: Atlantis The Lost Continent Finally Found by Prof. Arysio Santos
Other Source :
-Wikipedia
-National Geographic News
-http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/

Ndalem Wuryaningratan : Batik Museum, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia

This European-Javanese stle building is known as nDalem Wuryaningratan. It looks strong, beautiful and glamorous , located on the side of Slamet Riyadi Street in Surakarta. Wuryaningratan was the name of the first owner of this building, Prince Haryo Wuryaningrat, the son in law of king of Surakarta, Paku Buwono X.
The house is not just classic, but inside it displays more than 10,000 pieces of batik from 1840 till 1910. A businessman from Solo, Santosa Doelah, since 2000 used this residence as Batik Museum to keep his batik collections. He collected Batik for 30 years. Among its 10,000 collections, 1,500 collections were from a curator in Troupen Museum, Holland. He has an obsession to take all batik collections abroad to Indonesia that Indonesian generations can still see them.
Batik displayed here are masterpieces such as Dutch , Chinese , Javanese , Hakokai, Indian and Keraton Batik. The whole batik were made for royal family that no wonder there are numbers of larangan (prohibited) motives in this museum.
Larangan motif is batik motif which is not allowed to be worn by common people as it is considered as sacred, such as parang, udan liris, semen motif. The motives are only created for royals, adipati and princes.
The collectiosn were gathered from 4 palaces in Surakarta and Yogyakarta (Keraton Kasunanan Surakarta, Pura Mangkunegara, Keraton Kasultanan Yogyakarta and Pura Pakualaman).