The museum is a windows where we can see the glimpse of the history of Indonesia, from prehistoric period, Hindu-Buddha Period, colonial era until independence period.
The Museum is located not far from Monas (National Monument), and the name of National Museum is not well-known among locals. Locals more familiar with Museum Gajah or Elephant Museum, which derives from the bronze elephant statue in front of the building. The statue was a gift from King Chulalongkorn (Raja Rama V) from Siam in 1871 for Batavia city.
The museum houses more than 140,000 artifacts. We can browse through the museum with some precious collection and knowledge. From prehistoric era in Indonesia where in some parts found remnants from the period such as burial, settlements, and cave. One of the interesting prehistoric period of Homo Florensis, a hobbit human found in Liang Bua Cave in Flores island, East Nusa Tenggara.
There are also other collections of traditional houses and architecture of some parts of Indonesia and also traditional textile, wardrobe and fashion, such as jewelries and hats.
Some important inscriptions which reveals the history of Nusantara can also be found here in Pallawa or Old Javanese letter
Some treasure found in Wonoboyo site which consists of more than 35 kg of pure gold is also displayed.
The museum host some social-cultural events which involve students and public almost every month.