This mosque is very interesting as unlike some mosque that i know, it is more convenient for someone who maybe are more “liberal” moslem. You can just walk to the mosque comfortably, joining prayer without strict rule especially if you do not wear hijab.
This mosque is the oldest mosque in Yogyakarta, which was built in the midst of 17th Century. Because of this period of erection, the mosque is more Javanese ambience, even it is Javanese culture-friendly.
The mosque was built by Sultan Agung, the King of Mataram who was a Hindu-Buddhist king. It shows that the king was very tolerant to another religion. Before entering the mosque you will meet a paduraksan gate.
If you go further you will meet another big wall, with similar paduraksan gate made of a brick. That is the graveyard of mataram kings and royals. To enter the complex , visitors must wear Javanese traditional fabric which is available there. I was so intrigued to see the tomb of the kings which i know from story in my childhood. And so i was asked to wear Javanese batik fabric, there are three sheets, 1 jarik, 1 kemben, and 1 selendang. As it was late afternoon, no woman in the changing room, so i wore them on my own by seeing a picture hung on the wall of the room.
Abdi dalem, the royal servants who guard the complex accompanied us to the complex. There are many of tombs. There is a building a the corner. He showed half tomb which located outside building, and half of it in the building while he opened the door, he explained that that was the tomb of Ki Ageng Mangir. His tomb is that position because he was an enemy and also a son in law of Panembahan Senopati, the first king of Mataram Islam. To check the tale of Ki Ageng Mangir, you can klik this link : http://javaisbeautiful.com/2012/04/16/tale-of-ki-ageng-mangir-and-pembayun/
Inside the building, there are many tombs, but what i remember are: Panembahan Senopati and Jaka Tingkir or known as Karebet. Inside i can smell incense sent all over the room.
Not far from the graveyard located a well, which is believed to have virtue. And there are bathing place for woman and man. There is also a pond full of fish. In the past it was used by Panembahan Senopati as ritual ablution facility before praying.