1. Preparation of Paddy Seedlings or Nursery
Creating a nursery is the first step to cultivate rice. Making nursery requires a good preparation, seed in the nursery because it will determine the growth of rice in paddy fields, therefore nursery should really get attention, so hope to get healthy rice seeds and fertile can be achieved. Nursery is done by spreading the seeds evenly on a bed of rice with saturated water content but not stagnant. In three or four days the seeds have germinated. Young plants are three weeks old ready revoked and transferred to the paddy fields. Seeds that have been revoked, will be tied and taken to the field.
2. Sawah Preparation
When rainy season comes, farmers will start planting season. This can be done by converting the field with plow to create field needed by the paddy. This phase constitutes of cleaning, hoeing, plowing, harrowing, and cleaning.
3. Rice Cultivation
In this process, rice seeds age are 17-25 days (depend on the type of rice) will soon be planted. At first seed set in such a way (usually lined in several rows and irregular). It aims to facilitate the farmers when to plant. Planting rice in the rice is generally planted at regular intervals. The most popular on the island of Java, is a 20-cm. Young plants plugged into the waterlogged soil depth of 10 to 15 cm to its roots buried below ground level.
After planted, paddy will grow in the next few weeks. At this time, the rice should get enough water, must be nurtured, and cleared of weeds. Eradication of pests and rodents should be done, so that the rice crop is not defective.
Paddy usually is harvested 4-5 months, when the color is yellow and round on the seeds. In villages, farmers use arit (sickle) or in the past they used ani ani. After harvested paddy then separated from the stalks by rammed or by grinded.