Champa Kingdom (Vietnamese: Chiêm Thành) was a kingdom which ever ruled central Vietnam and South Vietnam, around 7th century to 1832. Before Champa, there was a kingdom Lin-yi (Lam Ap) which was established in 192, yet the relations between Lin-yi and Champa was not known yet. Champa community currently live in Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia and Hainan Island in Tiongkok. Champa language is part of Austronesia language.
Before Champa established, there was a kingdom, Lin-yi kingdom. Lin-yi is assumed to be established by local officer Ku-lien who rebelled against Han caesar in 192, located in Hue city now. Campa area constitutes of mountain area on the western part of Indochina, and then expanded until Laos. Yet Champa more focused on marine and it had several cities along the coasts.
After the 7th century, Champa consists of Quang Nam, Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh, Pyu Yen, Khanh Hoa, Ninh Thuan and Binh Thuan in Vietnam. Culture and religion of Champa is closely related to China, but wars and conquering neighboring region, Funan Kingdom, in the 4th century had let Indian culture to evolve. After 10th century, sea trading from Arab to this land had finnaly brought culture and Islam religion to Champa community.
Before Champa conquered by Le Thanh Tong, the dominant religion in Champa was Sivaistic religion and Champa was highly influenced by India. Islam entered Champa after 10th century, yet after 1471 Islam influence was stronger.
In the 17th century, royal family of Champa converted Islam, and this triggered religion orientation on Champa people. Though currently most of are moslem , but as Javanese Indonesian, they are greatly influenced by Hindu.
Indonesia;s data history show the influence of Princess Darawati, a Champa princess who was moslem, married to Kertawijaya, king of Majapahit, that finally Majapahit family became moslem. Princess Champa was found in Trowulan site. Champa is an inportant route in Spice Road from Persian Bay to southern of China, and late was included in trade route of Arab to Indochina.
In trading and culture, Champa had strong relation to Sriwijaya and later with Majapahit. In Babad Tanah Jawi, king Brawijaya V had a wife names Anarawati or Dwarawati, a princess from Champa who was moslem. Few walisongo (nine saints) were also mentioned to once lived in Champa before spreading Islam on Java.
Champa had strong relation to Cambodia, though there were wars between the, but cultural and trading , and marriage between those two community happened.
Before 1471, Champa was a confederation of 4 to 5 principalities, resembled to those in old India. Indrapura city is currently dong Duong not far from Da Nang and Hue now. Da Nang was Singapura located nearby My Son valley where there were ruins of temples and tower. Principalities constituted of Quảng Bình, Quảng Trị, and Thừa Thiên–Huế currently in Vietnam. Amaravati constituted of Quang Nam province, currently Vietnam. Vijaya is currently called as Cha Ban, located few miles from Qui Nhon, in Binh Dinh province in Vietnam. For period of time, Vijaya principality took over Quang-Nam, Quang-Ngai, Binh Dinh, and Phu Yen province. Kauthata is currently called as Nha Trang, located in Khanh Hoa province located in Vietnam.
Kauthara – Kota Kauthara saat ini disebut Nha Trang, yang terdapat di propinsi Khánh Hòa sekarang ini di Vietnam. panduranga is now known as Phan Rang, located in Ninh Thuan province located in Vietnam, Panduranga was the last Champa region conquered by Vietnamese.