Tugu (Monument) Jogja is located in the center of intersection of Jalan pangeran Mangkubumi, Jalan AM Sangaji, Jalan Jenderal Sudirman and Jalan Diponegoro. This monument has been standing there for more than 3 centuries, has been a dumb witness of historical and development of Jogja. This monument also called as Tugu Golong Gilig by local people for its shape that resembles cylinder (gilig) and the top shape is round (gilig). It was erected to delineate unity between people and government/authority or in Javanese ‘manunggaling kawulo gusti’.
Tugu Jogja was built in 1755, by Sri Sultan HB I, the founder of Jogja. In the beginning, the monument was 25 meters high, the base part was surrounded by fence. The monument collapsed by quake in 1867, it said that the monument collapsed for unity had not been reached. In 1889, Dutch renovated the monument with new design. The shape is rectangle, and each side is decorated with inscription of people involved in the building project. The top is not round anymore, but cone with pointed end. The height is only 10 meters, and the color was white, that it is known as De Witte Paal , the white monument. The renovation was actually Dutch tactics to ruin unity between people and king of Jogja and that didn’t work.
This monument has been so popular as the landmark of Jogja. And student from other parts of Indonesia have ritual to kiss the monument after graduating.